Part 9: Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Muawiya(ra)


Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Muawiya(ra)

Note: Part 1 is a must read before reading this part. Please read Part 1. And please read all the comments mentioned in this article.

Muawiya(ra) acknowledged the superiority of hz ali(ra) and his view towards Hassan(ra) and hussain(ra).

1. Al-Thahabi narrated in “Sayr A’alam Al-Nubala’a” from Ya’ali bin Ubayd from his father who says: (Abu Muslim Al-Khulani and some others went to Mu’awiyah and asked him: “Do you dispute Ali or are you equal to him? Mu’awiyah answered: “By Allah no. I know he is better than I am, and he has the right to rule, but do not you know that Uthman was killed as an innocent? And I am his cousin and the seeker of his revenge. Therefore go to Ali and tell him to send me Uthman’s murderers then I will obey him.” They went to Ali and talked to him, but Ali refused to hand in Uthman’s murderers to Mu’awiyah.) [ Sayr A’alam Al-Nubala’a, vol.3, p.140, the examiner of the book said that its narrators are trustworthy]

Comment: This was the true and real view of Muawiya(ra) regarding Ali(ra), which the shian e dajjal never try to bring up. Because it will uncover the false propagands against hz muawiya(ra) since the time of their Imams. Here we find that Muawiya(ra) considered ali(ra) better than him, because he clearly said that he was demanding Qisas for martydon of Uthman(ra), which was his right according to shariah. He even said that if Ali(ra) handovers the killers of Uthman(ra) he will obey him.

2. Muawiyah Radhi Allaahu Ta’ala ‘anh said: “Ali is better and more virtuous than me and I differ from him only in the matter of qisaas of Uthmaan (Radhi Allaahu Ta’ala ‘anh) and if he takes the qisaas of the blood of uthmaan I will be the first of the people of syria to make bayah to him” [al-Bidayatu wan Nihaayah page 129,259 vol 7]

Comment: We find a similar narration here, where Muawiya(ra) himself testifies that Ali(ra) was more virtues than him. And if Ali(ra) handovers the killers of Uthman(ra) he would be the first person to make Bayah to him from people of Syria.

3.

قال ابن كثير: « وقد ورد من غير وجه: أن أبا مسلم الخولاني وجماعة معه دخلوا على معاوية فقالوا له: هل تنازع علياً أم أنت مثله؟ فقال: والله إني لأعلم أنه خير مني وأفضل، وأحق بالأمر مني…).(1) الخبر
Ibn Katheer said that: Abu Muslim Al-Khawalani and a group with him, entered on Mu’awiyah and said to him: “Are you competing with Ali, or [do you think that] you are like him?” So he replied: “By Allah, I know that he is better than me, and more virtuous ...”.[Al bidaya wal nihaya 132/8]

4.
مُعَاوِيَةَ يَقُوْلُ
لَوْ أَنَّ عَلِيّاً لَمْ يَفْعَلْ مَا فَعَلَ، ثُمَّ كَانَ فِي غَارٍ، لَذَهَبَ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَسْتَخْرِجُوْهُ مِنْهُ

4. Hisham bin Ammar reports that Muawiyah said on the virtues of Ali “Even if Ali had decided to seclude himself in a cave, people would have still sought him out and brought him back to the public.[Siyar A'lam an-Nabula', 5/147]

Comment: This shows that how much important was the presence of Ali(ra) in ummah in the sight of Muawiya(ra), because if Ali(ra) didn’t help people in solving fiqh issues then it would have been very problematic for people.(since he was the best living jurist at that time). This is even evident from Muawiya(ra) specifically asking people to ASK ALi(ra) to clear his doubts in fiqh matters.

5.

1893 – وأنبأنا ابن ناجية ، أيضا ، قال : حدثنا حسين بن مهدي الأبلي قال : حدثنا عبد الرزاق قال : أنبأنا معمر ، عن الزهري قال : لما قتل علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه وجاء الحسن بن علي رضي الله عنهما إلى معاوية فقال له معاوية : لو لم يكن لك فضل على يزيد إلا أن أمك امرأة من قريش وأمه امرأة من كلب لكان لك عليه فضل ، فكيف وأمك فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

5. 1893 From the way of Al-Zuhri, he said: When Ali ibn Abi Talib (Radiya Allah ‘Anh) was killed, Al Hasan ibn Ali (Radiya Allah ‘Anhuma) came to Mu’awiya. Mu’awiya said to him: If your only virtue over Yazeed was that your mother is a woman from Quraysh and his mother is a woman from [the tribe of] Kalb then that would have been a sufficient virtue for you over him, how then when your mother is Fatima daughter of the Messenger of Allah (Salah Allah ‘Alaihi wa Salam) [Al-Sharee’ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]

Comment: Just see how Muawiyah(ra) respects and honors Hassan(ra). He himself proves how Hassan(ra) was superior to Yazeed. And Even declares that Fatima(ra) was superior to his wife.

6. Muawiya said to Yazeed: Do honor his (i.e Hussain’s) relation to the Prophet (s) because you should know that his father is better than your father and his mother is better than your mother. [shia book, Maqtal abi makhnaf p. 19.]

Comment: Here Hz muawiya(ra) himself testifies that Ali(ra) was better than Muawiya(ra) and Fatima(ra) was better than  wife of Muawiya(ra)

7
و امـّا الحسين فـقـد عـرفـت حظّه مـن رسول الله و هو مـن لحم رسول اللّه و دمـه و قـد عـلمـت لا مـحالة انّ اءهل العراق سيخرجونه اليهم ثمّ يخذلونه و يضيّعـونه ، فـان ظفـرت به فـاعـرف حقـّه و مـنزلة مـن رسول اللّه و لا تـواءخـذه بفـعـله ، و مـع ذلك فـانّ لنا به خلطة و رحما و ايّاك ان تناله بسوء او يرى منك مكروها.
- بحار ج 44 / ص 311-. حيات الامـام الحسين ج 2، ص 236. كامل ابن اثير ج 4، ص 6. طبرى ج 7، ص 196 و 217. ينابيع الموده ص 333.

7. Muawiya(ra) said to his son:“You know what relation Imâm Husayn ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ is to the Messenger of Allah. He is a part from the beloved Prophet’s blessed body. He is an offspring from the flesh and blood of that most honourable person. I understand that the inhabitants of Iraq invite him to go there and be with them. But they will not help him; they will leave him alone. If he should fall into your hands, behave in appreciation of his value! Remember the closeness and affection of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ to him! Do not get back at him for his behaviour! Mind you don’t break the substantial ties I have established between him and us! Be extra careful lest you should hurt or offend him!” This advice of Hadrat Mu’âwiya’s to (his son) Yazîd is written in shia books like bihar al anwar, etc).]

8.First from Tabari

ت قال أحمد قال على عن جويرية بن أسماء أن بسر بن أبى أرطاة نال من
على عند معاوية وزيد بن عمر بن الخطاب جالس فعلاه بعصا فشجه فقال معاوية لزيد عمدت إلى شيخ من قريش سيد أهل الشأم فضربته وأقبل على بسر فقال تشتم عليا وهو جده وابن الفاروق على رءوس الناس أو كنت ترى أنه يصبر على ذلك ثم أرضاهما جميعا قال وقال معاوية إنى لارفع نفسي من أن يكون ذنب أعظم من عفوى وجهل أكثر من حلمي أو عورة لا أواريها بستري أو إساءة أكثر من إحساني قال وقال معاوية زين الشريف العفاف قال وقال معاوية ما من شئ أحب إلى من عين خرارة في أرض خوارة فقال عمرو بن العاص ما من شئ أحب إلى من أن أبيت عروسا بعقيلة من عقائل العرب فقال وردان مولى عمرو بن العاص ما من شئ أحب إلى من الافضال على الاخوان فقال معاوية أنا أحق بهذا منك قال ما تحب فافعل
Ahmed said that Ali bin Juwairya bin Asma said that Bisr bin abi Artaa said bad things about Ali in Muwaiya’s presence while Zaid bin Umar bin Alkhattab was sitting so he got up with a stick and hit his head. Then Muwaiya said to Zaid: you came to a Sheikh from Quraish, master of the people of Syria and hit him?! Then he went to Bisr and said: you verbally abuse Ali and he is his grandfather, and the son of Farooq (Umar) is above the heads of the people. did you believe that he be patient with that?! Then he reconciled between them. And Muwaiya said: It’s not fitting that a fault be greater than my forgiveness or ignorance greater than my forebearance, or a shame which I do not conceal with my veil, or malice greater than my benevolence, and Muawiya also said: The most noble person is the generous one. And he also said: nothing is more loved by me than a plentiful spring in a desert land. And Amru bin al Aas said: nothing is more beloved to me than to spend a night newly married by one of the Arab families. Wirdan the servant of Amro said: Nothing is more loved by me than being kind to the brothers. Then Muwaiya said: I have more right in this than you. He said: Is there anything you’d like so I can serve you? [(At-Tabari Vol. 4 Pg 248) & (Ibn Atheer Vol 4 Pg 5)]

Comment: Muawiya(ra) scolded the person who abused Ali(ra) and neither did he encourage that person to do that.

 

This is affirmed by this fact, that hz muawiya(ra) used to ask hz ali(ra) questions.

1. muawatta Book 36, Number 36.19.18: Malik related to me from Yahya ibn Said from Said ibn al−Musayyab that a Syrian man called Ibn Khaybari found a man with his wife and killed him, or killed them both. Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan found it difficult to make a decision and he wrote to Abu Musa al−Ashari to ask Ali ibn Abi Talib for him about that. So Abu Musa asked Ali ibn Abi Talib and AIi said to him, “Is this thing in my land? I adjure you, you must tell me.” Abu Musa explained to him how Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan had written him to ask Ali about it. Ali said, “I am Abu Hasan. If he does not bring four witnesses, then let him be completely handed over,” (to the relatives of the murdered man).

Comments: This shows us the bonding of brotherhood in faith between Ali(ra) and Muawiya(ra) , because though they had differences in political issues, yet it didn’t stop Muawiya(ra) from asking hz ali(ra) a fiqhi question. Hz muawiya(ra) SPECIFICALLY SAID ABU MUSA TO ASK TO ALI(RA). Now had it been the conditions like the shian e dajjal often portray, then why would Muawiya(ra) ask question to Ali(ra), if he had hatred for him?  He  could have asked someone else for that  or could have sorted out the issue the way he wanted, who was there to stop him? Many of us might have experienced that, we often don’t ask for help, etc with people whom we hate, since our ego stops us from doing so. And yes there could be some situations that there is no other way expect to take help from our enemy(though even in those situations people avoid taking help from their enemies if that enemy of their is a staunch enemy whom they curse day and night), at that time people might take help, but just see here, was there no other way for Muawiya(ra)? He could have easily sorted that issue the way he wanted. Who was going to ask him? But see these great people, and their love for Islam and shariah. Could any true muslim bear enemity for such great people except the shian e dajjal?

 

What was the view of Ali(ra) regarding Muawiyah(ra)? And it also proves that Ali(ra) and Muawiya(ra) were both brothers in faith.

Many times Mu’awiyah emphasized that by saying: “I did not fight Ali but in the matter of Uthman.” As we have seen above. Ali(ra) also confirms this he said:

وَكَانَ بَدْءُ أَمْرِنَا أَنَّا الْتَقَيْنَا وَالْقَوْمُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الشَّامِ، وَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّ رَبَّنَا وَاحِدٌ (1) ، وَنَبِيَّنَا وَاحِدٌ، وَدَعْوَتَنَا فِي الْإِِسْلاَمِ وَاحِدَةٌ، لاَ نَسْتَزِيدُهُمْ (2) فِي الْإِيمَانِ باللهِ وَالتَّصْدِيقِ بِرَسُولِهِ، وَلاَ يَسْتَزِيدُونَنَا: الْأَمْرُ وَاحِدٌ، إِلاَّ مَا اخْتَلَفْنَا فِيهِ مِنْ دَمِ عُثْمانَ، وَنَحْنُ مِنْهُ بَرَاءٌ! فَقُلْنَا: تَعَالَوْا نُدَاوِ مَا لاَ يُدْرَكُ الْيَوْمَ بِإِطْفَاءِ النَّائِرَةِ (3) ، وَتَسْكِينِ الْعَامَّةِ، حَتَّى يَشْتَدَّ الْأَمْرُ وَيَسْتَجْمِعَ، فَنَقْوَى عَلَى وَضْعِ الْحَقِّ مَوَاضِعَهُ. فَقَالُوا: بَلْ نُدَاوِيهِ بِالْمُكَابَرَةِ (4) ! فَأَبَوْا حَتَّى جَنَحَتِ (5) الْحَرْبُ وَرَكَدَتْ (6) ، وَوَقَدَتْ (7) نِيرَانُهَا وَحَمِشَتْ (8) . فَلَمَّا ضَرَّسَتْنَا (9) وَإِيَّاهُمْ، وَوَضَعَتْ مَخَالِبَهَا فِينَا وَفِيهِمْ، أَجَابُوا عِنْدَ ذلِكَ إِلَى الَّذي دَعَوْنَاهُمْ إِلَيْهِ، فَأَجَبْنَاهُمْ إِلَى مَا دَعَوْا، وَسَارَعْنَاهُمْ (10) إِلَى مَا طَلَبُوا، حَتَّى اسْتَبَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْحُجَّةُ، وَانْق َطَعَتْ مِنْهُمُ الْمَعْذِرَةُ. فَمَنْ تَمَّ عَلَى ذلِكَ مِنْهُمْ فَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنْقَذَهُ اللهُ مِنَ الْهَلَكَةِ، وَمَنْ لَجَّ وَتَمَادَى فَهُوَ الرَّاكِسُ (11) الَّذِي رَانَ (12) اللهُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ، وَصَارَتْ دَائِرَةُ السَّوْءِ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ

1. “In the beginning of our matter, the people of Sham(Muawiya and his supporters) and us met. It is obvious that our God is one, our Prophet is one, and our call in Islam is oneWe do not see ourselves more in faith in Allah or more in believing His messenger than them, nor they do. Our matter is one, except for our disagreement in Uthman’s blood, and we are innocent from his murder.“ [Nahjul Balagha, vol.3, p.648; letter 58]

Comment: Hence, Ali(ra) is confirming what Muawiya(ra) also said, that the conflict between him and Mu’awiyah(ra) is about the murder of Uthman, not for the sake of leadership or to take control of the Muslims. Moreover we find Ali(ra) confirmed that the beliefs  of both the groups was same. Which means that Ali(ra) considered Muawiya(ra) to be his brother in faith. we know that people of Shaam didn’t believe in divine Imamah of Ali(a). But Ali(ra) didn’t mention the greatest sin(in the sight of shian e dajjal) that Muawiya(ra) rejected the Imamah of Ali(ra). He didn’t mention that they differed in faith nor that Muawiya(ra) went against the Imam appointed by Allah, like the shian e dajjal always want to portray.

2. We have been with the Prophet in battles wherein those killed were fathers, sons, brothers and relations of one another. Nevertheless, every trouble and hardship just increased us in our belief, in our treading on the right path, in submission to (divine) command and in endurance of the pain of wounds.We now had to fight our brethren in Islam because of entry into Islam of misguidance, crookedness, doubts and (wrong) interpretation. However, if we find any way by which Allah may collect us together in our disorder and by which we may come near each other in whatever common remains between us we would accept it and would give up everything else.(Nahjul balagha sermon 121)

Comment: Here Hz ali(ra)  was displaying is displeasure in fighting his own muslims brothers, because of the misguidance that entered Islam, that was spread by shian e dajjal(saba’es). Since because of them Uthman(ra) was martyred and because of that the battle between two muslim brothers took place.

 

Another proof of this brotherhood:

Once when Ali(ra) and Muawiya(ra) were in opposition a huge Christian army was planning to attack on the easten provinces of Iran, which was under Ali’s(ra) rule and they wanted to take advantage of the disunity among the muslims. Ali(ra) was incapable of defending these places, which were targeted to come under attack by the Christians and if the Christians attacked, a large of part of Islamic territory would have been lost. The Christians were aware of the difficulties Ali(ra) was facing and therefore felt there would be no threat from Amir Muawiya(ra)’s side as the had been following the mutual opposition between Muawiya and Ali and their use of force against each other. They expected that Muawiya(ra) would like them to attack Ali(ra). However, as soon as Muawiya(ra) heard that news, he contrary to the expectations of the Christian emperor, wrote to the emperor, “You should not be deceived by our infighting, if you turn towards Ali(ra) the first chief who advances to punish you under Ali’s(ra) flag will be Muawiya”. The impact of that letter was far more than an army and the Chirstians gave up the idea. . ( History of Islam Vol 2 ,page 48-49 By Akbar Shah Najeebadi)

A similar report: The king of Byzantium had great hopes of attacking and defeating Mu’aawiyyah after  the latter having instilled fear in him and humiliating him, and routing his troops.  When the king of Byzantium saw that Mu’aawiyyah was preoccupied with fighting ‘Alee, he approached some cities (on the border) with a huge army, filled with hope of victory. But Mu’aawiyyah wrote to him saying, “By Allaah! If you do not stop and go back to your own land, O cursed one, I shall reconcile with my cousin and we will unite against you, and I shall certainly expel you from all of your land! I shall keep pursuing you, and the earth, vast as it is, will be striatened for you [at-Tawbah: 25]. At that the king was afraid, and he sent word seeking a peace treaty.”[al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah: 8/119]

Comment: Did you see how beautiful relationship did these two Sahaba shared. Muawiya(ra) wasn’t glad to find Ali(ra) in trouble, nor he tried to utilize that situation, like often enemies do. It is because Muawiya(ra) considered Ali(ra) his brother in faith, not his enemy and the only reason he fought was to demand Qisas of Uthman(ra). And for these reports a beautiful verse of Quran came into my mind. “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves( 48:29)”


That’s why this was the view of Ahlebayt, for those who fought with them:

1. In Sunan Bayhiqi it is narrated that on the eve of the war of Jamal, Ali(ra) was asked about the opponents: “Are they Mushrikeen?” He replied:”They have run from shirk and come into Islaam” Then he was asked “Are they Munafiqeen?” He replied “Munafiqeen are those who don’t remember Allah, except a little (while the opponents do a lot of Zikr)” Then he was asked “Then what are they?” He replied:”They are our brothers who have rebelled from us” [Sunun Bayhiqi - Dairat ul Ma'arif edition page 173 vol 8]

2.

وعن يزيد بن الأصم قال : لما وقع الصلح بين علي ومعاوية ، خرج علي فمشى في قتلاه فقال : هؤلاء في الجنة ثم خرج إلى قتلى معاوية فقال : هؤلاء في الجنة ، وليصير الأمر إلي وإلى معاوية

2. Imam Ibn Abi Shaybah narrates in his Musanaf, that after the treaty between Ali and Mu’awiya [May Allah be pleased with them], Ali walked between those who died from his party and saying: “Those are in Jannah”, then he walked to those side of those who died from the side of Mu’awiya and said: “And those are in Jannah [Musanaf ibn abi shaybah]

3.

عن جعفر الصادق عن أبیه علیهما السلام أن علیا علیه السلام لم یكن ینسب أحداً من أهل حربة إلى الشرك ولا إلى النفاق، ولكنه كان یقول: هم إخواننا بغوا علینا

3. Jafar Sadiq narrates from his father (Baqir) that Ali never accused the ones with whom he fought of Shirk (i.e polytheism) or hypocrisy, rather he would say , they are our brothers who  rebelled against us. [(shia books) Wasail Shia, 15/83 , also Qurbul Asnad p. 45, Majleese reported in “Biharal anwar” 32/324]

Comment: These were the views of Ahlebayt regarding those who fought with them , they considered them muslims, unlike what the shian e dajjal want to portray,  Since you will find the shian e dajjal making takfeer of those who fought with Ahlebayt.

4. Sahi bukhari 4.823: Narrated Abu Bakra: Once the Prophet brought out Al−Hasan and took him up the pulpit along with him and said, “This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. chief) and I hope that Allah will help him bring about reconciliation between two Muslim groups.”

Comment: From this narration we find that the group of Ali(ra) as well as group of Muawiya(ra) were considered as Muslims. Prophet(saw) didn’t say just one of them will be muslim. But said both of the groups will be muslim. Now some of the notorious shian e dajjal might try to say that, the group of Muawiya(ra) was muslim but they were not momin(belivers), since muslim even encompasses hypocrites some times. To those shian e dajjal we want to say that, hypocrisy is something which is portraying the opposite which is in hearts. So when Muawiya(ra) fought Ali(ra) do you mean to say that he had love for him in his heart? which is opposite to his action? Secondly, if we read Islamic history we will find that there used to be hypocrites among the muslims as the quran says, but when they revealed their true faces and they joined the kuffar(disbelievers) during war, then you will never find that people still called them muslims. So when muawiya(ra) openly went against Ali(ra), yet prophet(Saw) said his group was Muslim, then it means that they all were believers(momineen). Unlike what shian e dajjal want to portray. And if shian e dajjal disagree with us, then we demand them to show us a single authentic narration where any hypocrite OPENLY went against prophet(Saw), and fought against him. Then even AFTER that prophet(Saw) called such a person Muslim. If you can’t then please stop fooling ignorant followers of yours.

5.

فلقد كنا مع رسول الله صلى
الله عليه وآله وإن القتل ليدور على الآباء والابناء والاخوان والقرابات ،
فما نزداد على كل مصيبة وشدة إلا إيمانا ، ومضيا على الحق ، وتسليما
للامر ، وصبرا على مضض الجراح . ولكنا إنما أصبحنا نقاتل إخواننا
في الاسلام على ما دخل فيه من الزيغ والاعوجاج والشبهة والتأويل

5. Hz ali addressing his companions and his opponents said: We were with prophet(saw) , that time our fathers and sons were killed , our near one and brothers were killed ,but after every problem and calamity our eman used to get increase. We used to standstill on truth, We used to obey the commands, at times of difficulties we used to do sabr(patience). But now we are fighting our own muslim brothers.(nahjul balagha tahqeeq subhi saleh, page 179)

6.

واوصيكم عباد الله بتقوى الله، فإنها خير ما تواصى به، وخير عواقب الأمور عند الله، وقد فتح باب الحرب بينكم وبين أهل القبلة
6. Hz ali said: O servants of Allah I suggest you of having taqwa.This is one of the best suggestion given to servants of Allah. With this you will achieve goodness and piousness. Between you and ahle qibla the door of battle have opened.(nahjul balagha tahqeeq subhi saleh, page 248, sermon 172)

Comment: similar explain as we find in last comment can be applied to these narrations of Nahjul balagha.

Shias shoud first decide that whether there Imams divinely appointed or not? Because if they were divinely appointed then who so ever fights with them,  should obviously declared as disbeliever(this has been done by many shia scholars). But if you say that they were muslims then it naturally exposes your home-made beliefs that your Imams weret divinely appointed from Allah.

 

That is why we find this reaction from Ahlebayt after the death of hz muawiyah(ra)

صلح الله ذات بينكما فلم يجيباه في هذا بشئ ، وجاء حتى جلس ، فأقرأه الوليد الكتاب ونعى له معاوية ودعاه إلى البيعة ، فقال حسين : انالله وانا إليه راجعون ورحم الله معاوية وعظم لك الاجر

1. (Hussain said) may Allah make your situation better, but no reply was given , and than he sat down, than Walid read out thes message (of Yazid) and told him the news of the death of Muawiya and invited him to allegiance, than Hussain said “Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raji’un’ and may Allah have mercy on Muawiya and give him great reward.
(shia book)مقتل الحسين صفحه5 أبو مخنف الازدي

 

 

 

 

 

Comment: praying for kaafirs/mushriks is not allowed in islam.[Quran 9:113], but we find Hussain(ra) praying for Muawiya(ra), this proves that indeed hussain(ra) considered muawiya(ra) a muslim, unlike what shian e dajjal try to portray that if anyone fights Ahlebayt that person becomes a kaafir.

 

That is why we find that Ali(ra) didn’t tolerate that Muawiyah(ra) should be cursed by his supporters:

وقد أنكر على من يسب معاوية ومن معه فقال: “إنّي أكره لكم أن تكونوا سبّابين، ولكنّكم لو وصفتم أعمالهم، وذكرتم حالهم، كان أصوب في القول، وأبلغ في العذر، وقلتم مكان سبّكم إياهم: اللّهم احقن دماءنا ودماءهم، وأصلح ذات بيننا وبينهم” [نهج البلاغة: ص323

1. Nahj Al-Balagha”, Ali is reported to have rejected the action of those who insult Mu’awiya and those with them, and told them:  “I hate for you to be from those who insult, but rather describe their deeds … and say instead of your insults: O Allah, preserve our blood and theirs, and bring peace between us and them“[Nahjul balagha page 323]

2.

خرج حجر بن عدي وعمرو إبن الحمق يظهر أن البراءة واللعن من أهل الشام، فأرسل اليهما علي إن كفا عما يبلغني عنكما. فأتياه فقالا: يا أمير المؤمنين السنا محقين ؟ قال: بلا. قالا: أو ليسوا مبطلين ؟: قال بلا. قالا: فلم منعتنا من شتمهم ؟. قال (عليه السلام): كرهت لكم أن تكونوا لعانين شتامين تشتمون وتتبرؤن، ولكن لو وصفتم مساوي أعمالهم فقلتم: من سيرتهم كذا وكذا، ومن عملهم كذا وكذا، كان أصوب في القول، و (لو) قلتم مكان لعنكم أياهم وبراءتكم منهم: اللهم أحقن دماءنا ودماءهم، وأصلح ذات بيننا وبينهم

2. Hijr ibn Adi and Amr ibn Al-Hamq came out declaring dissociation from and curses upon the people of Shaam(muawiya and his supporters), so Ali sent for them telling them abstain from what I have heard you do. So they came to him and said: O Amir Al Moemineenm aren’t we upon the Truth? He said: Yes

They said: And aren’t they upon Falseness? He said: Yes

They asked: So why are you stopping us from insulting them?

He (‘Alaihi Al salam) said: I hated for you to be [from those who] curse, insult, but rather describe their wrongful deeds and say: from their seerah is so and so, and from their actions is so and so, it would have been more correct in speech, and had said instead of your curses and dissociation from them: O Allah, preserve our blood and theirs, and bring peace between us and them“.[( "Waqi`ah Siffeen" by NaSr bin MazaaHim Al-Minqaree, who is a shee`ah. Al-Najaashee said: "his path is striaight");(al akbar al tawaal, page 165, under the heading battle of siffin)]

Comment: Now this was the command of Ali(ra) to his supporters , he HATED that his opponents(Ahle shaam , group of Muawiya) be cursed. But what we find that the shian e dajjal of present days, practicing what was hated by Ali(ra), in the name of supporting Ali(ra). Indeed Ali(ra) is free from such filthy practices of Shian e dajjal. And those of them who are ignorants should repent and follow the true teachings of Ali(ra) .

Now keeping in this command of Ahlebayt in mind, let us present to you a shia hadees, which exposes shiane dajjal of that time and even this era.

بحارالأنوار ج : 2 ص : 76 80- ني، ]الغيبة للنعماني‏[ بهذا الإسناد عن البطائني عن القاسم الصيرفي عن ابن مسكان عن أبي عبد الله ع قال قوم يزعمون أني إمامهم و الله ما أنا لهم بإمام لعنهم الله كلما سترت سترا هتكوه أقول كذا و كذا فيقولون إنما يعني كذا و كذا إنما أنا إمام من أطاعني
From Abu Abdullah said: a group of people claim that I am their imam, while by Allah I am not an imam for them, may Allah curse them, whenever I protect privacy of something they reveal it. I say this and that and they say he really means this and that. I am only Imam for those who obey me. (bihar al anwar, vol 2)

Comment: So we find that those shian e dajjal who curse Muawiya(ra) , which was HATED by Ali(ra) , though may claim that Ahlebayt were their Imams, but the fact is that Ahlebayt disassociated themselves from these shian e dajjal.

3.

قال أبو نصر هبة الله بن محمد: حدثني أبو الحسن بن كبرياء النوبختي (1) قال: بلغ الشيخ أبا القاسم رضي الله عنه أن بوابا كان له على الباب الاول قد لعن معاوية وشتمه، فأمر بطرده وصرفه عن خدمته، فبقي مدة طويلة يسأل في أمره فلا والله ما رده إلى خدمته، وأخذه بعض الاهل فشغله معه
ghaibah by trusi(ra) page 385-386

3. narrated abu nasr hibat allah ibn muhammed , narrated abul hasan ibn kibrya al-nubakhti he said: it was reported to Sheikh abu Qasem (R) that a door guard of his had cursed Muwaiya and abused him with his tongue. So he ordered him tobe dismissed from his service. So he stayed a long time asking about his matter, but no by god he never returned him to his service, and others in the family took him and offered him work.[ghaibah by trusi(ra) page 385-386]

Comment: It seems that because of the above teachings of Ali(ra), the embassador of imam al-mahdi(as) sacked the man because of cursing muawiya(ra).

 

 

Ali(ra) as well as Hassan(ra) wanted to make peace with  Muawiya(ra) , but there were some people among supporters of Ali(ra) who didn’t wanted this to happen:

1. Sahi bukhari 6.367: Narrated Habib bin Abi Thabit: I went to Abu Wail to ask him (about those who had rebelled against `Ali). On that Abu Wail said, “We were at Siffin (a city on the bank of the Euphrates, the place where the battle took place between `Ali and Muawiya) A man said, “Will you be on the side of those who are called to consult Allah’s Book (to settle the dispute)?” `Ali said, ‘Yes (I agree that we should settle the matter in the light of the Qur’an).” ‘ Some people objected to `Ali’s agreement and wanted to fight.

2.

عن سفيان بن الليل قال : ” قلت للحسن بن علي لما قدم من الكوفة إلى المدينة : يا مذل المؤمنين ، قال : لا تقل ذلك فإني سمعت رسول الله (ص) يقول : لا تذهب الأيام والليالي حتى يملك معاويةفعلمت أن أمر الله واقع فكرهت أن تهراق بيني وبينه دماء المسلمين

2. From Sufian bin Allayl he said: “I said to Hasan bin Ali when he come from Kufa to Medina. O you who humiliated the believers. He said: do not say this for I heard the prophet of Allah (pbuh) say: the days and the nights will not go until Muwaiya becomes a king so I knew that the matter is happening and I hated the blood of the muslims be spilled between me and him. [Al bidaya , v. 8, p. 131]

 

It was Muawiyah(ra) who approached to peace treaty and Hassan(ra) accepted it whole heartedly, even though he had power to deny it:

1. “Narrated Al-Hasan Al-Basri: (By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali led large battalions like mountains against Mu’awiyah. Amr bin Al-As said (to Mu’awiyah), "I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents." Mu’awiyah who was really the best of the two men said to him, "O 'Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?" Then Mu’awiyah sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of 'Abd-i-Shams called 'Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin 'Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan saying to them, "Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him." So, they went to Al-Hasan and talked and appealed to him to accept peace. Al-Hasan said, "We, the offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them)." They said to Al-Hasan, "Mu’awiyah offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace." Al-Hasan said to them, "But who will be responsible for what you have said?" They said, "We will be responsible for it." So, whatever Al-Hasan asked they said, "We will be responsible for it for you." So, Al-Hasan concluded a peace treaty with Mu’awiyah. Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr saying, "I saw Allah's Apostle on the pulpit and Al-Hasan bin 'Ali was by his side. The Prophet was looking once at the people and once at Al-Hasan bin 'Ali saying, 'This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of Muslims through him." [Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Book of “Peacemaking,” vol.2, #2557]

2. It was Mauviyah (ra) who first offered Hasan (ra) for “Sulah” so that Civil War, Anarchy and Killing of Muslims by Muslims in the state came to an end. Hasan (ra) accepted this Sulah. [(Jama-ul-Fawaid Pg. 843, Sahih Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg. 372-373, Muqadma Ibn-e-Khildoon Pg. 458)]

3. It was narrated by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani in his “Isaba” (1/499) from the way: Yaqub ibn Sufyan – Saeed ibn Mansur– Awn ibn Musa from Hilal ibn Habbab, which said: “al-Hasan gathered chiefs of people of Iraq in this house – house of Madain. He said to them: “You have pledged allegiance to me. You gave me a word and pledged allegiance upon terms that you are going to make peace treaty with whom I would make such. And you would fight against those whom I would fight with. Now I am making pledge of allegiance to Muawiyah, listen to him, and obey him”. [Isaba” (1/499)]

Narrators: Abu Yusuf al-Fasawe al-Farisi, hafidh, thiqat. “Taqrib” #7817; Abu Uthman Saeed ibn Mansur ibn Shubah al-Khorasani, author of books and thiqat. “Taqrib” #2399.  Awn ibn Musa was thiqat.  “Tarih ibn Maeen – Rawayatu ad-Dure” #505, Darul Mamun lit Turas, Damascus; “Tarehul Asmau Thiqat” ibn Shahin #1094, Darus-Salafiyah, Kuveyt. Hilal ibn Habbab was saduq “Taqrib” #7334.

4. Suleman went to Hasan and said “Our surprise knows no bounds when we see that you have rendered allegiance to Muawiyah in face of the fact that you had a strong army from Kufa, of 40,000 men, and warriors from the people of Hijaz and Basrah. If I was in your place, I would not have done like this. Hasan replied “I am not going to say anything besides that God has blessed us with peace in unity. [shia books(Maqtal Abi Makhnaf, Page 13) (Imam Hasan, Muhammad Ali Al Haj Salmin , page 157)]

5. It is stated in Al Ash sharah , that Sadeer said that he went to Imam Baqir once and asked “How can it be possible in face of the fact that Hasan rendered allegiance to Muawiyah.” Baqir said “Keep silent, Sadeer. What Hasan did was good.”[ Imam Hasan, Muhammad Ali Al Haj Salmin, Page 166]

6. Hasan (may Allah be pleased with him) paid allegiance(bayah) to Muawiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) at 40 H, that is why it is called Aamul Jamaat (عام الجماعۃ – the year of jamaat)  , and Ibn Jarir and other scholars say that it happened at the beginning of 41 H. [Al Bidaya wa al nihaya, Volume 8, Page 26-27]

Comment: From these reports present in shia and sunni books we find that, Hassan(ra) gave bayah, to Muawiya(ra), even when he had all the power to fight. People have misconception that hassan(ra) just made a peace treaty but didn’t give bayah. But in the light of above reports we find that it’s a lie spread by shian e dajjal. Now the question arises is that how could Hassan(ra) accept Muawiya(ra) as his leaders, even if it was politically because shias say that even the poltical ruler is made Allah. So handing over the seat of Khilafah to muawiya(ra) when he had all the sources to fight and even doing his bayah proves that hassan(ra) considered Muawiya(ra) as muslim. Prophet(saw) also made peace treaty with kuffar but he never gave them authority to take decision for muslims regarding political issues of the Muslims, at that time Muslims were governed by Prophet(saw), so why then Hassan(ra) handed-over the governorship to Muawiya(ra)? And atleast the shias here can’t say that hassan(ra) was under taqiyyah at that time.

 

These conditions were set by Hassan(ra) and he not breaking this treaty proves that Muawiyah(ra) followed the conditions:

Shia book Kashaful ghummah

سم الله الرحمان الرحيم هذا ما صالح عليه الحسن بن على بن أبي طالب معاوية بن أبي سفيان صالحه على أن يسلم إليه ولاية أمر المسلمين على ان يعمل فيهم بكتاب الله تعالى وسنة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وسيرة الخلفاء الراشدين

The conditions of peace between Hasan and Muawiya are described: In the name of Allah , the beneficent, the most Merciful. These are the conditions of peace between Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib and Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan. The first condition is that you should follow Quran , Sunnah and the seerah of the righteous Caliphs.

Ali bin Esa Al-Arbili , Kashaful Ghumma vol. 2, p. 45

Same thing is also present in Ibn `Aqil, al-Nasa’ih al-Kafiya, p. 156.

Similar reports are present in Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 10, p. 115.. Jila ul Ayun, Page 232

Comment: Now these were the conditions of treaty, had it been that Muawiya(ra) would have violated it, then surely Hassan(ra) would have considered that th treaty was nullified and he would have either retaliated or would have fought him. For about 10 years Hassan(ra) remained alive after this treaty, he not complaining about conditions of treaty being violated and no action from him(if that happened) clearly shows that, Muawiya(ra) followed those conditions made in the treaty. We know that Prophet(saw) too made a treaty with kuffar, but everyone knows what happened when disbelievers violated the treaty.

 

That is why we find that ahlebayt obeyed commands of Muawiya(ra):

Imam Hussain participated in the battle of Constantinople which took place in 51 AH in the era of Muawiyah . al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya vol. 8 p. 150

 

Comment: It was because muawiya(ra) ruled according to Quran, sunnah and seerah of rightly guided caliphs, that Hussain(ra) participated in the battles in the era of Muawiyah(ra).

 

 

 

 

How Ahlebayt used to be treated in the rule of Muawiya(ra):

1.

1890 – أنبأنا أبو محمد عبد الله بن محمد بن ناجية قال : حدثنا أبو عمرو عثمان بن عبد الله بن عمرو بن عثمان بن عفان قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن لهيعة قال : سمعت أبا الزبير ، يحدث عن جابر بن عبد الله قال : كنا يوما عند معاوية وقد تفرشت قريش وصناديد العرب ومواليها أسفل سريره وعقيل بن أبي طالب والحسن بن علي رضي الله عنهم عن يمينه ويساره

(1890)I heard Abu Zubair speak on behalf of Jaber bin Abdullah who said: We were with Mu’awiyah and the people of Quraish, other major Arabs, and their servants, were all gathered beneath his throne, with Aqeel bin abi Talib and Alhasan bin Ali on his right and left. [Al-Sharee'ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]

Comment: We find here the treatment Ahlebayt used to receive during the rule of Muawiya(ra) , we see the major Arabs were beneath the throne of Muawiya(ra), but Hassan(ra) and Aqeel(ra) were on his right and left.

2.
1891 – وأنبأنا ابن ناجية قال : حدثنا زيد بن أخزم الطائي أبو طالب قال : حدثنا محمد بن الفضل السدوسي عارم قال : حدثني مهدي بن ميمون ، عن محمد بن عبد الله بن أبي يعقوب قال : كان معاوية رحمه الله إذا لقي الحسين بن علي رضي الله عنهما ، قال : مرحبا بابن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وأهلا ، ويأمر له بثلاثمائة ألف ويلقى ابن الزبير رضي الله عنه فيقول : مرحبا بابن عمة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وابن حواريه (1) ويأمر له بمائة ألف
1891 From Muhammad b. Abdullah b. Abi Yakoub he said: whenever Mu’awiya (Rahimahu Allah) met Al-Husien b. Ali (Radiya Allah ‘Anhuma) he used to say: Welcome is the son of the Messenger of Allah (salah Allah ‘Alaihi wa Salam) and Greetings to him. And then he orders for him 300,000.

And he meets Ibn Al Zubayr (Radiya Allah ‘Anhu) and says: Welcome is the son of the Aunt of the Messenger of Allah (salah Allah ‘Alaihi wa Salam), and the son of his disciple, and orders for him 100,000. .[Al-Sharee'ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]
3.
1892 – وأنبأنا ابن ناجية قال : حدثنا ابن الأسود ، يعني : الحسين بن علي بن الأسود العجلي قال : حدثنا عبيد الله بن موسى ، عن إسرائيل ، عن ثوير ، عن أبيه قال : انطلقت مع الحسن والحسين رضي الله عنهما وافدين إلى معاوية رحمه الله فأجازهما فقبلا
1892 From Thuwayr, from his father that he said: I went with Al Hasan and Al Husien (Radiya Allah ‘Anhuma) to Mu’awiya (Rahimahu Allah), so he gave them and they accepted.[Al-Sharee'ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]

4. The nature of the difference or opposition that existed between Ali(ra) and Amir Muwaiya(ra) was not as is conceived by the muslims of today, which is due to their ignorance and lack of understanding of the facts. In order to arrive at a correct judgement we must not forget the fact that Ali’s brother Aqil bin Abu talib(ra) was Muawiya’s friend. Aqil bin Abu talib used to admonish Muawiya(ra) in the open court yet the later always indulged him. And Zeyad bin Abi sufyan, ther brother of Amir muawiya was appointed governor of Iran by Ali(ra). Ali(ra) fully trusted Zeyad bin Abu sufyan. ( History of Islam Vol 2 ,page 49 By Akbar Shah Najeebadi)

 

Muawiya(ra)’s reaction on death of Ali(ra) and Hassan(ra)

1. Shia scholar  al-sadooq’s book amali:

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل (رضي الله عنه)، قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، قال: حدثنا محمد بن سنان، عن المفضل بن عمر، عن يونس بن ظبيان، عن سعد بن طريف، عن الاصبغ ابن نباتة، قال: دخل ضرار بن ضمرة النهشلي على معاوية بن أبي سفيان، فقال له: صف لي عليا. قال: أو تعفيني. فقال: لا، بل صفه لي. فقال له ضرار: رحم الله عليا، كان والله فينا كأحدنا، يدنينا إذا أتيناه، ويجيبنا إذا سألناه، ويقربنا إذا زرناه، لا يغلق له دوننا باب، ولا يحجبنا عنه حاجب، ونحن والله مع تقريبه لنا وقربه منا، لا نكلمه لهيبته، ولا نبتديه لعظمته، فإذا تبسم فعن مثل اللؤلؤ المنظوم. فقال المعاوية: زدني من صفته. فقال ضرار: رحم الله عليا، كان والله طويل السهاد، قليل الرقاد، يتلو كتاب الله آناء الليل وأطراف النهار، ويجود لله بمهجته، ويبوء إليه بعبرته، لا تغلق له الستور، ولا يدخر عنا البدور، ولا يستلين الاتكاء، ولا يستخشن الجفاء، ولو رأيته إذ مثل في محرابه، وقد أرخى الليل سدوله، وغارت نجومه، وهو قابض على لحيته، يتململ تململ السليم (1)، ويبكي بكاء الحزين، وهو يقول: يا دنيا، إلي تعرضت، أم إلي تشوقت، هيهات هيهات لا حاجة لي فيك، أبنتك ثلاثا لا رجعة لي عليك. ثم يقول: واه واه لبعد السفر، وقلة الزاد، وخشونة الطريق. قال: فبكى معاوية، وقال: حسبك يا ضرار، كذلك كان والله علي، رحم الله أبا الحسن (

Translation: Dirar bin dhamrah al nahshali entered upon Muwaiya so muwaiya asked him to describe Ali to him. Dirar said: please pardon me from it. Muwaiya said but please do. So he said: May Allah have mercy upon Ali, he was amongst us as one of us, he brought us nearer if we came to him and answered us if we asked him and treats us well if we visited him. His door is not closed for us and no one stays as a barrier between us and him. And we, despite his closeness to us and his making us close to him, do not speak to him for his greatness and presence. Whenever he smiles it is like pearls.

Then Muwaiya said: tell me more. Dirar said: May Allah have mercy upon Ali, he was staying up late at night. Did not sleep much, he read the book of Allah in the middle of the night and the edges of the day. He was generous with his eyes (tears) and expressive in returning to his Lord. And he would not close a door, nor find soft the leaning nor find hard being alone. If you find him in his mihrab, deep in the night, you find him touching his beard, crying the crying of a sad person and says: O this life, to me you presented yourself or did you miss me. I have no need in you. Then he says: Oh Oh for the distance of travel and the lack of provisions and the harshness of the road. Then Mu’awiyah weeped, and said: Sufficient is that O Dirar, verily, by Allah, that is how Ali was. May Allah shower Abu Al-Hasan with Mercy” [ Al-Amali by Al-Sadooq 2nd tradition in The 91st Majlis page 724] Also [bihar al anwar, 41/16]

Similar report in sunni books: Abu Salih narrated that once Dirar bin Damrah Al-Kinani visited Hadrat Muawiyah (may God be pleased with him) who asked him to narrate the good qualities of Hadrat Ali (may God be pleased with him). Dirar requested of Hadrat Muawiyah, O Amir of the believers! Please excuse me from this!. Hadrat Muawiyah said, I will not excuse you unless you narrate the good qualities of Ali. Dirar said, If I am compelled to do so then listen! By Allah! He was a man of great courage and strength. He used to talk decisively and govern justly. The knowledge flowed out of him copiously and the wisdom appeared upon his front teeth (he always talked wisely). He was averse to the worldly ends and renounced them, but loved the night and its darkness (loved to worship in the darkness of the night). I swear by Allah, he used to take admonition for the matters concerning the Hereafter very much, to contemplate the wonders of Allah’s creation for a long time, to turn his hand in surprise, and to address his own soul for admonition. He loved plain dress and simple food. I swear by Allah he treated himself like an ordinary person. When we visited him he drew us closer and when we put to him any question he replied to us. In spite of all this closeness with him, we did not dare to talk with him due to his natural dignity and awe. When he smiled, his teeth appeared like strung pearls. He esteemed the religious people and loved the poor. No one-however powerful he may be-would be successful to prove his false claim as the right one before him, and no one-however weak he may be- would lose hope to get justice from him. I declare Allah as my witness to the fact that I have seen him on certain occasions-in the darkness of the night when the stars were to disappear from the sky-sitting in the arch of the mosque holding his beard in his hand, in a restless condition- a condition similar to the person who has been bitten by a poisonous reptile, and weeping like a grieved man. His voice is still alive to me ‘O our Lord, O our Lord, then he supplicated to Him, and afterwards said ‘O world! Do you want to deceive me after being decorated? Get out from here and deceive some other person. I sever all of my relations from you for ever. Your age is short and your company is abject, and to be overtaken by misery here in this world is easier than in the Hereafter. Ah! The Provision is short and the journey is long and the way is dangerous’

Hearing this Hadrat Muawiya (may God be pleased with him) wept so much that his beard was wet with tears. When the tears overflowed he cleaned them with the sleeve of his shirt. The people around him also wept bitterly until they were suffocated. Then Hadrat Muawiyah remarked ‘No doubt, Abul Hassan (Ali) was such a manThen he asked Dirar ‘How do you feel after Ali’s death’? Dirar said ‘I feel like a woman whose only child has been killed in her lap. She cannot be consoled. Then he stood up and went out. [Abu Na'im 'al Hilliyah';Abd Al-Barr 'Al Isti'ab' Vol III p 44 (on the authority of Hirmazi, a man from Hamadan, who narrated from Dirar Al Suda') (Sifatus-Safwah 1/66)  ]

Comment: Imam Al-Qurtubi comments on the weeping of Muawiya and his affirmation to the description of Dirar [taken from "Al-Intisar Lil Sahb wa Alaal .." - referenced earlier]: “This narration shows the acholwledgment of Muawiya to the virtue of Ali [May Allah be pleased with him] and his rank, and his great due right, and level. At that point, it is far fetched to declare insults and slanders [on Ali], after what Muawiya was described by of intellect and piety, patience and generosity of manners. The majority of what was narrated of that are lies which are not authentic.

We would like to add that some ignorant shian e dajjal try to make silly excuses that the weeping of Muawiya(ra) over death of Ali(ra) and affirming his virtues was just a drama. But the point those ignorants forget while making these stupid excuses is that on one hand they say that Muawiya(ra) used to command people OPENLY, to curse Ali(ra) and it was well known fact and they even raise false allegations that Muawiya(ra) use to kill people just because they used to deny to curse Ali(ra). But now they contradict themselves by saying that Muawiya(ra) was doing drama to show that he loved Ali(ra). If Muawiya(ra) didn’t have problem in ordering people openly to curse Ali(ra) (mazallah), then why would he act before people to portray that he loves Ali(ra)? Indeed the shiatu dajjal have no brain at all. Either they should believe that Muawiya(ra) never ordered cursing of Ali(ra) or that the weeping of Muawiya(ra) over Ali(ra) was his natural action and out of true love.

ونقل ابن كثير أيضاً عن جرير بن عبد الحميد عن مغيرة قال: (لما جاء خبر قتل علي إلى معاوية جعل يبكي، فقالت له امرأته: أتبكيه وقد قاتلته؟ فقال: ويحك إنك لا تدرين ما فقد الناس من الفضل والفقه والعلم).
2. Ibn Katheer also narrates from the way of Jarir b. ‘Abdalhameed from Al-Mugheera that he said: When the news of the killing of Ali came to Muawiyah, he started weeping. His wife said to him: “You weep for his death, and you have fought him?”. So he said: “Woe unto you, you do not realize what the people lost [by his death] from virtue, Fiqh, and knowledge” [Nafs al Masdar 133/8  ( al bidaya wa nihaya, vol 8, page 129)]

Comment: This is the true relation Muawiya(ra) shared with Ali(ra). And the view he held regarding Ali(ra). Moreover Muawiya(ra) was not under any treat of life which made him say those things, nor were the Ahlebayt present there, which could have made him say that, it was his natural reaction to it. Well according to shias a person just by crying for hussain(ra) enter paradise, what about the person who cries for Ali(ra)?

 

3. We read in al-bidaya wa al-nihaya

ولما جاء الكتاب بموت الحسن بن علي اتفق كون ابن عباس عند معاوية فعزاه فيه بأحسن تعزية، ورد عليه ابن عباس ردا حسنا كما قدمنا

وبعث معاوية ابنه يزيد فجلس بين يدي ابن عباس وعزاه بعبارة فصيحة وجيزة، شكره عليها ابن عباس
And when the letter came announcing the death of Hasan bin Ali, since Ibn Abbas was with Muawiya, he gave him his condolences in the best way and Ibn Abbas responded in a nice way as mentioned earlier. And Muawiya send his son Yazeed who sat with ibn Abbas and gave him his condelnces in a short and clear statement for which Ibn Abbas thanked him.”] [Al bidaya wa al nihaya, volume 8, page 304]

 

Muawiyah’s care and concern for Hussain(ra)

 

Mulla Bâqir Mejlîsî,[shia scholar] whose name is mentioned above, relates Hadrat Mu’âwiya’s last advice to his son Yazîd as he was dying, as follows:
و امـّا الحسين فـقـد عـرفـت حظّه مـن رسول الله و هو مـن لحم رسول اللّه و دمـه و قـد عـلمـت لا مـحالة انّ اءهل العراق سيخرجونه اليهم ثمّ يخذلونه و يضيّعـونه ، فـان ظفـرت به فـاعـرف حقـّه و مـنزلة مـن رسول اللّه و لا تـواءخـذه بفـعـله ، و مـع ذلك فـانّ لنا به خلطة و رحما و ايّاك ان تناله بسوء او يرى منك مكروها.
- بحار ج 44 / ص 311-. حيات الامـام الحسين ج 2، ص 236. كامل ابن اثير ج 4، ص 6. طبرى ج 7، ص 196 و 217. ينابيع الموده ص 333.
“You know what relation Imâm Husayn ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ is to the Messenger of Allah. He is a part from the beloved Prophet’s blessed body. He is an offspring from the flesh and blood of that most honourable person. I understand that the inhabitants of Iraq invite him to go there and be with them. But they will not help him; they will leave him alone. If he should fall into your hands, behave in appreciation of his value! Remember the closeness and affection of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ to him! Do not get back at him for his behaviour! Mind you don’t break the substantial ties I have established between him and us! Be extra careful lest you should hurt or offend him!” This advice of Hadrat Mu’âwiya’s to (his son) Yazîd is written in shia books alike bihar al anwar, etc).]

Similar is mentioned History of Islam : During that illness when Amir Muawiya(ra) was sure that his time had come, he called for yazid…When Yazid came , he addressed him thus: O my son! Listen to my words attentively…”The Iraqis will certainly put Hussain bin Ali(ra) against you. If you gain victory over him, don’t slay him and give due regard for Kinship.( History of Islam Vol 2 ,page 47 By Akbar Shah Najeebabadi)

Comment: Just see how much love and care Muawiyah(ra) had for Ahlebayt. Until when innocent people will be deceived by the false propagandas of Shian e dajjal. Moreover the advice of Muawiya(ra) to his son was based on previous incidents that had occured, It may be possible that he got the news that people of Iraq are going to call Hussain(ra), thus since he knew the true nature of shias of Iraq, because we know what they did to Hassan(ra) and Ali(ra), Hz muawiya(ra) gave that advice of Yazeed.

 

View of Ahlebayt regarding Hz muawiyah(ra)

قال ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما : ما رأيت رجلاً كان أخلق للملك من معاوية ، كان الناس يردون منه على أرجاء واد رحب ، و لم يكن بالضيق الحصر العصعص المتغضب . رواه عبد الرزاق في المصنف (برقم 20985) بسند صحيح . وابن كثير في البداية ( 8 / 137 ) .

1. Ibn Kathir related from `Abdu’r-Razzaq b. Humam as-San`ani, one of the notable Imams and people who knew the Qur’an by heart (he was ascribed to the Shi`a) from Ma`mar b. Rashid, Abu `Urwa al-Basri, then al-Yamani, who was one of the notables from Humam b. Munabbih as- San`ani(who was reliable). He said, “I heard Ibn `Abbas say. “I have not seen a man more suited to rulership than Mu`awiya.” [Al Bidaya 8/137]

Comment: Here is the view of a member of Ahlebayt(ibn abbas), Now is there a man who is the most suited of people to rulership other than one who is just, wise, and forbearing and strong in defence of his kingdom and one who seeks help from Allah to spread the call of Allah in other domains and to undertake the trust in the community over which Allah has entrusted him? Ibn abbas(ra) saying that Muawiya(ra) was best for rulership proves that he had all these qualities. And Hassan(ra) not complaining that Muawiya(ra) violate the conditions of treaty nor rebelling against him further confirms this.

2.

عن ابن جريج أخبرني عتبة بن محمد أخبرني كريب مولى ابن عباس أنه رأى معاوية صلى العشاء ثم أوتر بركعة واحدة لم يزد فأخبر ابن عباس فقال أصاب أي بني ليس أحد منا أعلم من معاوية

قال الأرناؤوط:رجاله ثقات

The servant of Ibn Abbas saw Muawiyah praying one witr in Isha prayer, so he informed Ibn Abbas ,who said to him.”Ibn abbas(ra) said :Whatever Hadhrat Muawiya has done is correct, for there is none amongst us more learned than him” [Siyyar Alam al niba, 3/152 ;Sunan al kubra, baihaqi, 3/26  (narrators are thiqa)]

3. Sahi bukhari 5.108: Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika: Muawiya offered one rak`a witr prayer after the `Isha prayer, and at that time a freed slave of Ibn `Abbas was present. He (i.e. the slave) went to Ibn`Abbas (and told him that Muawiya offered one rak`a witr prayer). Ibn `Abbas said, “Leave him, for he was in the company of Allah’s Apostle.”

In sahi bukhari  5.109 : the last wording are: Ibn `Abbas replied, “He is a Faqih (i.e. a learned man who can give religious verdicts)

4. Abi Mansoor Al-Tousi, one of their scholars says that Al-Hasan bin Ali said, “By Allah I see Mu’awiyah is better for me than the people who claim to be our supporters! These people wanted to kill me, stole whatever I had, and took my money. By Allah, if I make a peace with Mu’awiyah that would spare my blood and save my family is better than these people (the people who call themselves Shia) kill me and make my family get lost”!!!!! [Shia books (Al-Ehtijaj, by Al-Tabrasi, vol.2, p.290 );(Jila ul Ayun, p. 323)]

Comment: Well indeed Muawiya(ra) was better choice than relying on shian e dajjal. This is what said by Hassan(ra)

5.

واعلم أن على القول الأول والثاني ظهر أن المقتول وولي دمه يكونان منصورين من عند الله تعالى وعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أنه قال : قلت لعلي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام وأيم الله ليظهرن عليكم ابن أبي سفيان ، لأن الله تعالى يقول : { وَمَن قُتِلَ مَظْلُومًا فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِيّهِ سلطانا } وقال الحسن : والله ما نصر معاوية على علي عليه السلام إلا بقول الله تعالى : { وَمَن قُتِلَ مَظْلُومًا فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِيّهِ سلطانا } ، والله أعلم

For the tafseer of this verse Whoso is slain wrongfully, We have given power unto his heir, quran(17:33) Imam fakruddin razi writes , It is reported from hz ibn abbas(ra): I said to hz ali(ra) , by Allah (Muawiya)ibn abu sufyan(ra) will surely overcome you because Allah said Whoso is slain wrongfully, We have given power unto his heir. And hasan basri(ra) said that because of this verse Hz muawiya(ra) was successful compared to hz ali(ra). Wallahu alam.[ Tafseer al kabeer vol 4, page 397)]

6.

قال أمير المؤمنين علي رضي الله عنه بعد رجوعه من صفين : أيها الناس لا تكرهوا إمارة معاوية ، فإنكم لو فقدتموها ، رأيتم الرؤوس تندر عن كواهلها كأنها الحنظل

Ali said when he returned from Siffin: People! Do not loathe Muawiya’s leadership. If you were to lose him, you would see heads parting with their necks like the fruits of wild gourd tree break and drop down. [Al Bidaya 8/134] , [sharah Aqeedat ul Waasitiyah page 458]

Comment: Another example of the beauty of relationships between two brothers in faith, Ali(ra) and Muawiya(ra)

7.

1894 – وأنبأنا ابن ناجية قال : حدثنا محمد بن مسكين قال : حدثنا يحيى بن حسان قال : حدثنا سليمان بن بلال ، عن جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، أن عقيل بن أبي طالب ، رضي الله عنه جاء إلى علي رضي الله عنه إلى العراق ليعطيه فأبى أن يعطيه شيئا ، فقال : إذن أذهب إلى رجل أوصل منك ، فذهب إلى معاوية رحمه الله فغرف له

1894  Aqeel ibn Abi Talib (Radiya Allah ‘Anh) came to Ali (Radiya Allah ‘Anh) in Iraq [so that he may] give him, but he refused to give him anything, so he said: Then I will go to a man more upholding to the ties of kinship than you (Arabic is Awsal mink). So he went to Mu’awiya (Rahimahu Allah) and he gave him.[Al-Sharee'ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]

8.

جرير : عن مغيرة ، قال : بعث الحسن وابن جعفر إلى معاوية يسألانه . فأعطى كلا منهما مائة ألف ، فبلغ ذلك عليا ، فقال لهما : ألا تستحيان ؟ رجل نطعن في عيبه غدوة وعشية تسألانه المال ! ؟ قالا : لأنك حرمتنا وجاد هو لنا

It is reported in Ibn Asaakir by Mughira that Al Hassan and Ibn Jaafar went to Muawiyah to ask for some money. Muawiyah then gave each of them 100,000 dirhams. When Ali heard of this he said “Aren’t you embarassed? You ask from a man whose indiscretion we mention day and night?” They said “It is because he was benevolent to us but you denied our request at the time” [Siyar A’lam Al-Nubala‘]

9. Abdullah ibn Abbas(ra) said about hz muawiya(ra): His patience was a antidote to anger and his generosity kept the people tongue tied. ( History of Islam Vol 2 ,page 30 By Akbar Shah Najeebadi)

10.

حدثنا مروان بن جناح عن يونس بن ميسرة أن رسول الله استأذن أبا بكر وعمر في أمر فقالا الله ورسوله أعلم فقال أشيرا علي ثم قال ادعوا معاوية فقال أحضروه أمركم وأشهدوه أمركم فإنه قوي أمين

The Prophet (pbuh) once consulted Abu Bakr and Omar (may God be pleased with them) on some matter, who said to him “God and His Prophet know best” So the Prophet (pbuh) said “Go consult Ali”. Then he (pbuh) said “Bring Muawiyah and involve him, bring the matter to him and make him a witness for he has fortitude and is trustworthy” [Siyar A’lam Al-Nubala]


The financial help and gifts that Ahlebayt used to receive from Muawiyah(ra)

1.

1895 – وأنبأنا ابن ناجية قال : حدثني محمد بن مسكين قال : حدثنا يحيى بن حسان قال : حدثنا سليمان بن بلال ، عن جعفر بن محمد ، عن أبيه ، أن الحسن ، والحسين ، رضي الله عنهما ، كانا يقبلان جوائز معاوية رحمه الله

1895 Hasan and Hussein (r) used to accept the gifts of Muwaiya[Al-Sharee’ah by Al-Ajurri, died in 360 AH]

2. “Imam Hasan came to Muawiya, and Muawiya gave him 4 hundred thousand dirhams.”[Al Isaba Vol. 2 , p. 330]

3. Ameer Muawiya would give 10 hundred thousand dirham annually to Imam Hasan, and Imam Hasan lived ten years after that. [Al Isaba Vol. 2 , p. 330]

4. Ameer Muawiya gifted 3 hundred thousand dirham, 1 thousand clothes , 30 slaves and 100 camels to Imam Hasan. [Ummadatul Qari, p. 283]

5. Afer the death of Imam Hasan, Imam Hussain would come every year to Ameer Muawiyah , who would honor him and give him gifts. [Al bidaya , Vol. 7, p. 162]

6.

وكان معاوية يبعث إليه ( أي إلى الحسين ) في كل سنة ألف ألف دينار سوى الهدايا من كل صنف

And he (Muawiya) would send gifts worth 1 hundred thousand dinar each year to him (Imam Hussain).[Shia book Maqtal Abi Makhnaf , p. 7]

7. Hasan made peace with Ameer Muawiya on the condition that he would give him everything present in the Baitul Maal. It was worth 50 hundred thousand.[Tabari, Vol. 6, p. 92]

8. Muawiya would send thousands of dirhams each year to Hussain. Aside from that, he would send lots of gifts to him also. [shia book Nasikh ut tawarikh , Vol. 6, p. 78]

9. Ameer Muawiya gave 3 hundred thousand dirham, 1 thousand clothes , 30 slaves and 100 camels to Hasan. [Fathul Bari, Vol. 13, p. 50]

10.Hasan took promise from Muawiya that he would give him 50 thousand dirham every year, which Muawiya accepted. [Manaqib Shehr Bin Ashub, Vol. 4, p. 33]

11. Once Imam Hasan went to Syria. Muawiya had received a huge war booty. Muawiya gave all of it to Hasan and honored him a lot. [Jila ul Ayun, p. 297]

12. Once Muawiya went to Madinah, and distributed 5 thousand to the nobles of Madina.  After them came Imam Hasan, Muawiya gave Hasan an amount equal to the amount he distributed to all the others before Hasan. [Jila ul Ayun , p. 297]

13. Ibn Asakir in his history narrated a very interesting story, it begins with such words:

أضاق الحسن بن علي وكان عطاؤه في كل سنة مئة ألف فحبسها عنه معاوية في إحدى السنين

(Once) Al-Hasan ibn Ali was in difficult financial position, and his salary each year was equal to 100 000 dirhams, and in one year Muawiyah didn’t pay it (in time).

After story tell us that al-Hasan (radi Allahu anhu) wanted to write to Muawiyah (radi Allahu anhu) regarding that, then he changed his mind. In his dream he seen prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) and he teached him a long duah. Then story continues by words of Hasan:

قال فوالله ما ألححت به أسبوعاً , حتى بعث إلى معاوية بألف ألف وخمسمائة ألف

By Allah didn’t pass the week after I prayed, and Muawiyah send me 1 500 000.

[Mukhtasar Tarih Madinatul Dimashk 1/895]

 

 

Fadail muawiyah(ra) reported by Ahlebayt:

1. Muslim narrated in his Saheeh from Ibn Abbas that Abu Sufyan asked the prophet peace be upon him for three things: (He (Abu Sufyan) said to the prophet: “O’ Prophet of Allah, give me three things.” The prophet said: “yes.” ... Abu Sufyan said: “Mu’awiyah, make him a writer (of the revelation) under your hands.” The prophet answered: “Alright.”) [Muslim with explanation. Book of “Virtues of the Companions,” Chapter of “Virtues of Abu Sufyan,” vol.17, p.2501]

2.Ahmad narrated in his Musnad, and Muslim from Ibn Abbas who says: (Once I was a kid playing with other boys when I looked behind and I saw the prophet peace be upon him coming towards us. So I said: “The prophet did not come to anyone but to me.” So I went behind the door to hide. I did not feel until the prophet found me, grasped my neck, and pressed my shoulders gently. The prophet said: “Go and call Mu’awiyah for me.” And Mu’awiyah was his writer (of the revelation). So I went looking for Mu’awiyah and told him: “Go and answer the prophet of Allah peace be upon him because he needs you.”) [Musnad Ahmed, vol.1, Musnad Ibn Abbas #2651, and Muslim with explanation, Book of “Al-Birr wa Al-Silah,” #2604]

3. Imam Dhahabi says “And it is authentically reported from Ibn Abbas that he said “I was playing when the Prophet called upon me and said to me ‘Go and call Muawiyah’ and he was a scribe of Wahi” [Tarikh Islam by Dhahabi, vol. 2, p. 309]

We know that Prophet(Saw) is the head of Ahlebayt, so let us include his words for Muawiya(ra)

1. As it was reported by Tirmizi in “Sunnan” r4213:

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُسْهِرٍ عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمِيرَةَ، وَكَانَ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِمُعَاوِيَةَ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ هَادِيًا مَهْدِيًّا وَاهْدِ بِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏
Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said to Muawiyah (r.a): “Allah, make him (Muawiya ) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”.

2. Muhammad Ameen Shinqiti in “Ahadeth an-nabawiya fi fadhail Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan” wrote:

أخرج الإمام البخاري بسند صحيح في التاريخ الكبير (5|240): عن أبي مسهر حدثنا سعيد بن عبد العزيز عن ربيعة بن يزيد عن (الصحابي عبد الرحمن) بن أبي عميرة قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لمعاوية: «اللهم اجعلهُ هادِياً مَهديّاً واهده واهدِ به».

“It was transmitted by imam Buhari in his “Tareeh al-kabir” (5/240) via authentic chain: From Abu Musakhar, it was reported to me by Sayed ibn Abdulaziz from Rabiat ibn Yazid from (companion Abdurrahman) ibn Abu Umeyrat, which said: Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said about Muawiyah: “Allah, make him (Muawiya) guided, a guider, and guide people through him”.

3. Al-Aarbad bin Sariyah as-Sulamee (رضي الله عنه) reported that he heard the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) saying as a du’aa : ” O Allah ! Teach Muawya the Book and Math, and protect him from the Punishment ” .
“اللهم علّم معاوية الكتاب والحساب ، وقِهِ العذاب

( Recorded by Imam Ahmad 17202, and verified to be authentic by Albani in Silsilat as-Saheehah 3227 )

4. Umm Haram al-Ansariyah (رضي الله عنها) reported that she heard the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) say : ” The first army of my ummah (nation) that invades tha sea, all there sins are forgiven ” .( Recorded by al-Bukhari 2924 )
Hafez Ibn hajar said in Fateh al-Baree (6-127) : ” Muhallab said : In this hadith there is a virtue of Muawya, because he was the first to invade the sea ” . Tabaree reported in his history that Muawya (رضي الله عنه) first invaded the sea in the year 28 h .

5. Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنهما) reported that the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) told him : ” Go bring Muawya to Me “, because he wrote down Allah’s Revelation (Wahy) for the Prophet . ( Recorded by Imam Ahmad 2651 , and verified to be authentic by Albani in Silsilat as-Saheehah 1-164 )

6. Muawiyaah [May Allah be pleased with him] accompanied the Prophet in three battles [from: Shubahat 7awl Al-Sahaba wa Al-Rad 3alaiha]:
1) The battle of Hunayn, and Allah said of those who attended it: {Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers…}, which included Mu’awiyah [May Allah be pleased with him].
2) The Battle of Taaif
3) The Battle of Tabouk, and you can look the mercy Allah promised those who attended it.

(For more info regarding virtues of Muawiya(ra) (Refer this link)


Ahlebayt named their children Muawiya and maintained marital relationship with his relatives:

Muawiyah bin Abdullah bin ja’afar bin Abi Talib: one of the sons of Abdullah he called him Muawiyah, mentionned in Ansab el ashraf P60-68 and Umdat el Talib P56.

Yazid bin Muawiyah bin Abu Bakr bin Ja’far (his mother was Fatima Binte Husain bin Hasan bin Ail)

Shia website confirmed this:

 

 

But unfortunately the present shian e dajjal seems to be more intelligent than ahlebayt because they ridicule the name of Muawiya , giving it incorrect meanings.     Had it been so then why would have Ahlebayt named their children with similar name? And wouldn’t the shia Imams have changed the names of their companions(since shia Imams had close companions named Muawiya)?

Well here is the true meaning of the name Muawiya : (Islam qa)

Moreover Ali Akbar , the son of Imam Husayn, who was martyred in Karbala, was the son of Umm Layla, who was the daughter  of Abu Sufyan’s daughter Maymuna, who was Muawiyah’s sister.

Comment: As we have seen the great bonding between Ahlebayt and Muawiya(ra) , this was the reason they didn’t hesitate in making relationship with Banu Umayya , specially the niece of Muawiya(ra).   Moreover they didn’t even hesitate in naming their children as Muawiya(ra) unlike the shian e dajjal of this era, who try to disort the meaning of this name and try to ridicule it. They hate naming their children with this name, which is opposite to what Ahlebayt did. On the contrary the shia Imams had several close companions named Muawiya(ra) and none of the shia Imam recommended to change their name. This shows us how different are the views of present day shia and the views of their Imams.

 

Some Misconceptions to be cleared:

Misconception 1: There are several reports where we find Muawiya(ra) or banu umayya being cursed by Prophet(saw).

Answer: Imam ibn qayyim said: Narrations with criticism of Muawiya, all narrations in his criticism are lie”.

Please refer this link: Ibn Qayum on ahadeth fi dhamm Muawiya, Amr and others

 

Misconception 2: Abi Burza said: ‘We were with the prophet (pbuh) then he heard someone singing, so He [s] said: ‘Go and see what is going on there’. Thus, I climbed and looked, I saw Mu’awiya and Amr bin al-Aas singing, then I rutrned and told (the prophet). He (the prophet) said: ‘May Allah throw them in fitna (sedition) and push them towards hell’.

Answer: Imam Dhahabi says this account is spurious.


Misconception 3: Shias quote Ishaq bin Rahwiyh

Imam Dhahabi records in his esteemed work ‘Siyar alam al Nubla’ Volume 3 page 132:

الأصم حدثنا أبي سمعت ابن راهويه يقول لا يصح عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في فضل معاوية شيء

Ishaaq Ibn Rehwiyh said: ‘There is not any Sahih hadith from the prophet (pbuh) about the merits of Muawiya’.

Answer: a.Thiyab Al-Ghamdi in his Tasdeed Al-Isaba, mentions that the statement that is often quoted about Ishaq bin Rahawaih in which he says, “There are no authentic hadiths that praise Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan,” is weak.

Al-Asam is Mohammad bin Yaqoob bin Yusif bin Mu’qil. Born in 247 AH and died in 346 AH. However, when we searched a good amount for something about his father and we haven’t found anything. It seems be was majhool(unknown).  (Refer this thread)

b. Reply is given by Ibn Athakir he said

وأصح ما رُوي في فضل معاوية حديث أبي حمزة عن ابن عباس أنه كاتِبُ النبيِّ منذ أسلم، أخرجه مسلم في صحيحه. وبعده حديث العرباض: اللهم علمه الكتاب. وبعد حديث ابن أبي عَميرة: اللهم اجعله هاديا مهديا”
And most authentic that was narrated in merits of Muawiya is the narration of Abu Hamza from ibn Abbas that he was scribe of prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) after he embraced Islam,it was reported by Muslim in his Sahih, and after that narration of al-Irbad: O Allah teach him the book, and after that narration of ibn Abu Umeyrah: O Allah make him guided, a guider”.[Tareekh madinatul dimashq (59/106), Shaykh Nasir ud din al-Albani Quoted in Silsilah as-Saheeha Vol 7 Page 694 hadeeth no: 3227]

 

Did Muawiya(ra) used to curse Ali(ra) or Ordered Ali(ra) to be cursed?

From here on we will be examining some narrations which are often used by shian e dajjal inorder to accuse Muawiya(ra) for hating Ali(ra), though the above portion where we proved the beautiful relationship between muawiya(ra) and Ahlebayt is sufficient to discard these fabrications or misinterpretations by shian e dajjal, but to completely end this up , let us clear before you the reality of these narrations.

Argument 1:

حُكِيَ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ كَرَّمَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ : إنِّي أُحِبُّك وَأُحِبُّ مُعَاوِيَةَ .
فَقَالَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ : أَمَّا الْآنَ فَأَنْتَ أَعْوَرُ ، فَإِمَّا أَنْ تَبْرَأَ وَإِمَّا أَنْ تَعْمَى

Answer: This text says It was narrated that a man said to Ali(ra): “I love you and I love Muawiya ” To this Ali replied that you are a ONE EYED MAN. The eye that loves me has vision and that loves muawiya is blind. If you persist with it then you will be total blind.[ 'adb al-dunya wa deen']

This narration was mentioned without any chain and it starts as “ it was narrated…” Which shows that its not known who narrated that and after discovering the beautiful relationship that Ali(ra) and Muawiya(ra) had between each other, its surely was narrated by one of the shian e dajjal. And even academically such narrations are rejected since the narrators are not known.(it doesn’t have any chain)

 

Argument 2:  Did Muawiya(ra) used to curse Ali(ra) ?”

The tradition can be found in the Sahih of Imam Muslim, Bk 31, Number 5915:Amir b. Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa’d as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat ‘Ali), whereupon he said: It is because of three things which I remember Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camels…

Answer: This is the only authentic narration from which people get a misconception that, Muawiya(ra) ordered that Ali(ra) to be cursed. But it was not like that.

Imam Al-Qurtubi said: “The most authentic narration used is his (i.e. Mu’awiyah) saying to Sa’d b. Abi Waqas: What prevented you from insulting Abu Turab? And this is not [in any way] a declaration that he asked him to insult [him], rather it just was an inquiry about why he didn’t”.

Imam Al-Nawawi mentions something similar in his commentation on the tradition. He says:  “It might have been that Sa’d was among a group who used to insult Ali [ra], and So the inquiry of Mu’awiya [ra], according to this understanding would be: What prevented you, O Sa’d, from insulting Ali, when everyone around you was doing it.”

Rather we should ponder over that, what would have stopped Mu’awiya [ra] from putting a punishment on Sa’d [ra] if he had ordered for Ali [ra] to be insulted and Sa’d [ra] refused? Mu’awaiya [ra] was the Caliphate at the time, so what would stop him? And with this, no punishment or penalty was placed on Sa’d [ra].

Rather we see that Mu’awiya refered to Ali [ra] as Abu Turab, the most beloved Kunya to Ali [ra], since it was given to him by the Prophet of Allah. Let us present it to you, (Sahi bukhari 8.297): Narrated Sahl bin Sa`d: There was no name dearer to `Ali than his nickname Abu Turab (the father of dust). He used to feel happy whenever he was called by this name.

The confusion stems from the fact that it says:

أمر معاوية بن أبي سفيان سعدا فقال ما منعك أن تسب أبا التراب
Translation: Muawiya bin abi Sufyan commanded Saad, asking him: what prevented you from insulting Abu Turab?

Now a typical liar would translate this as “Muawiya ordered Saad to insult Abu Turab” but anyone can see that is not what is written, even though it could have very easily been written differently if Muawiya was truly commanding someone to insult someone.

And of course, Saad responds by saying all the great things about Ali (ra) and Muawiya (ra) doesn’t object at all. Lastly, Justice and Trustworthiness are high caliber qualities. Muaawiya(ra) was also a highly political and intelligent person. Would he not realize that such of his statements(if he did say those supposedly) could be harmful to his political stability? Kufa was a den for Ali(ra). lovers. Even a lowly politician would not do something like this as it would be simply encouraging the lovers of Ali r.a to rebel against his govt.

Note: Arabic word in the narrations “Sabb” which means to “abuse” and not to “curse”. curse means la’an and this word was not used in the narration.

 

From now onwards all the narrations which speak that Muawiya(ra) cursed Ali(ra) are weak and they seems to be the handywork of the Shian e dajjal of that era.

Argument 3: ibn majah:

قَدِمَ مُعَاوِيَةَ فِي بَعْضِ حَجَّاتِهِ، فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ سَعْد، فَذَكَرُوا عَلِيُّاً. فَنَالَ مِنْهُ. فَغَضِبَ سَعْد،

Sa’d met Muawiya and Muawiya cursed Ali and Sa’d became angry with Muawiya…

Answer: This narration is weak and unreliable because the chain of this narration contains: “Abdulrahman b. Saabit” who Yahya b. Maeen said: “He did not hear directly from Sa’d”, and in this narration he is narrating from Sa’d, so there is an unknown between them, and him not being known weakens this narration.
حدثنا : ‏ ‏علي بن محمد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏أبو معاوية ‏ ، حدثنا : ‏ ‏موسى بن مسلم ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏إبن سابط وهو عبد الرحمن ‏ ‏، عن ‏ ‏سعد بن أبي وقاص ، قال : قدم ‏ ‏معاوية ‏ ‏في بعض حجاته فدخل عليه ‏ ‏سعد ‏ ‏فذكروا ‏ ‏علياً ‏ ‏فنال منه فغضب ‏ ‏سعد

قيل ليحيى بن معين سمع عبد الرحمن من سعد بن أبي وقاص؟
قال: لا. قيل: من أبي أمامة؟
قال: لا. قيل: من جابر؟
قال: لا؛ هو مرسل»
تهذيب التهذيب6/180 ترجمة رقم361

Another point to be mentioned is that you can even notice a difference between the two narrations of the encounter (the one in Muslim and the other). While this should be the encounter, you would notice that in the first Sa’d mentions the qualities of Ali after a direct question from Mu’awiya, while in the second he mentioned them from himself to rebuke Mu’awiya for his insults, which in itself would cast doubts in the other narrations not in Sahi Muslim. [Refer too: Risalah Jawabiyah 3ala Risalat Ustad Shi3ee]

 

Argument 4: The same is also reported in Musannaf of ibn abi shayba, the teacher of al-Bukhari:

حدثنا : أبو معاوية ، عن موسى بن مسلم ، عن عبد الرحمن بن سابط ، عن سعد قال : قدم معاوية في بعض حجاته فأتاه سعد فذكروا علياً فنال منه معاوية فغضب سعد

Answer: Here again hazrat sa’d bin abi waqas gets angry at muawiay bin abi sufyan for abusing Ali bin abi talib. Again the same problem in the chain like the above one which makes it unreliable

 

Argument 5:

A narration mentioned by Ibn ‘Asakir and Ibn Katheer, where Mu’awiya [ra] insults Ali [ra] so Sa’d rebukes him for that and then mentions the qualities of Ali mentioned in the narration in Muslim.

Answer: The chain of this narration is weak since it contains Ibn Ishaq and he used a ‘Ana’ana, and he is known to do Tadlees, which makes this narration weak and unreliable.

 

Argument 6: al-iqd al-farid by Ibn abd Rabbihi (d. 328 AH), the Spanish muslim historian :

وأراد أن يَلْعن عليَّا على مِنبر رسول الله صلى عليه (وآله) وسلم‏.‏

when Imam Hasan died then Muwaiya came to do Hajj and wanted to do la’anah upon Ali on the mimber of Rasul Allah(s) but couldn’t because sa’d bin abi waqas was present there….but after sa’d’s death, muawiya ordered, the swearing and cursing of Ali, upon the pulpits, to all all his subordinates ….

Answer: This book is itself under much criticism, ” Iqd al-Fareed is not a history book at all, but rather it is a literary novel that contains elements of fiction in it. Perhaps tomorrow the Shia will quote from a few Nancy Drew novels or maybe Sidney Sheldon’s thrillers and claim that these are authentic history books. Furthermore, and this point cannot be stressed enough, the author of Iqd al-Fareed was Ibn Abd Rabuh who was well known for his pro-Shia inclinations.

Ibn Abu Rabuh’s book, Iqd al-Fareed, is a chain-less literary piece in which his inclusion criteria is only that the text be eloquent Arabic; the text in his book was chosen not for its historical accuracy or authenticity, but rather his book was a compilation of any text that was eloquent in nature. As such, the author of Iqd al-Fareed included texts from Shia sources so long as they were eloquently written. The Shia are well-known for their dedication to poetry so it is not at all strange that Ibn Abd Rabuh would include their texts.

 

Argument 7:

Imam al-Khawarzmi wrote maqtal al-hussain and in it he details the swearing and cursing by Muawiya of Ali!

Answer: khwarizmi is actually a shia, perhaps he wrote the book regarding imam in taqiyah, anyhow, his another book is a proof to his shiaism and the claims are getting weaker and weaker as the allegations goes on.

Here is more info on him (click here)

 

Argument 8: Did muawiya felt happy on death of hasan(ra) ? Or was he involved in the poisoning of Hassan(ra)?

Answer: This claim is false for several reasons:

1. It is not proven, nor there is a clear evidence that Mu’awiyah poisoned Al-Hasan.

At those days, people were in an affliction, and their desires leading their instincts, each sect attributing bad things to other sects. If a story was told about that, then we ought not to accept it unless just and trustworthy people narrated it.

2. It is said that the person who poisoned Al-Hasan was not Mu’awiyah but Al-Hasan’s wife. It is also said her father, Al-Ash’ath bin Qays ordered her to do that. It is also said that it was Mu’awiyah who ordered her and some say it was Yazeed. These contradictory stories about who poisoned Al-Hasan weaken these stories because they lack the trustworthy narrators.

3. Intellect would accept shia arguments in a situation where Al-Hasan refuses to make peace with Mu’awiyah and wanted to fight Mu’awiyah for the leadership. But the truth is that Al-Hasan made peace with Mu’awiyah, and gave him the leadership and the allegiance. Therefore, for what reason would Mu’awiyah poison Al-Hasan? For these reasons I say that shian e dajjals  argument has no basis for truth.

4. The fact is that neither Imam Hasan nor Imam Hussain knew with certainty who were the real culprits. If they didn’t know it, than how anyone else came to know that who poisoned Imam Hasan?

When Sayyiduna Hasan lay on his deathbed, dying from poisoning, his brother, Sayyiduna Husayn came to him and asked him, “Brother, tell me who is the one who poisoned you.” Sayyiduna Hasan asked, “Why? That you may kill him?” Sayyiduna Husayn said, “Yes,” to which Sayyiduna Hasan responded, “I will not tell you anything. If it is the one I think it is, then Allah’s revenge is harsher. And if it is not he, then by Allah, no innocent person will be killed on account of me.” [al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah vol. 7 p. 41; Siyar A‘lam an-Nubala vol. 3 p. 273]

Refer this link: (click here)

Did muawiya felt happy on death of hasan(ra) : (refer this link)

 

Some other arguments raised by the deviants is that All of governors of Muawiya(ra) used to curse and that they would do on the order of Muawiya r.a

To authenticate such a claim we will need to have the list of all the Governors of Hazrat Muaawiyah R.A then look at each of them to deduce whether they did curse or not.. Here are two of the references which mention 2 Governors who would talk about Hazrat Ali. R.A. These are:

a. Hazrat Mugheera bin She’ba R.A
b. Murwaan bin Al Hakm

Argument 1. The naration regarding Hazrat Mugheera bin She’ba R.A:

Answer: The naration is originally narated by Allama Ibn Jareer Tabari from whome Ibn Atheer took it under his Tarikh Al Kamil.  At the same time, the narration mentions that Hazrat Muaawiya Asked Hazrat Mugheera R.A to talk ill {mudhammat} of Hazrat Ali R.A and his companions and further mentions at the end that Mughera R.A stayed for 7 years in Kufa and continued to say bad of Hazrat Ali R.A.

If we accept this naration, then we also have to accept the way this “mudhammat” {speaking ill} was done by Mugheera R.A. On the same page as this naration it says that, “…His words were that, O Allah have mercy upon Usman bin Affan R.A and pardon him and give him jazaa for his good deeds because he followed your deen anf followed your messenger sallllahu alayhi wassalam, and united us in one talk and saved us and died as an oppressed. Ya Allah help those who are his helpers, friends, lovers and seeker of his revenge and use to make dua against his killers

This is the way Mugheera used to make Mulaamat of those who had killed Uthman R.A and it is what the Shia Raawis(narrators) have interpreted as cursing Ali R.A. Clearly when a claim is first made that Mugheera used to curse and right after, these words are mentioned, then a seeker will only judge on those words directly established to the raawi(narrator), instead of indirect narrations of that narration.

Once it is understood, now let us see why we can not accept this narration in the first place.

Hafiz Ibn Jareer mentions as the narrators of this hadith :

1. Hisham bin l-Kalbi son of the famous Mohammad Saaib bin Al Kalbi : regarding him it is said “He is a Rafidi…” {Lisaan al Mizaan Pg 196} ; Ibn Abi Ya’qoob Hareemi Rehm. says, “He narrates extremely “Mathaalib” narrations”

2. Abu Mukhanaf Loot bin Yahyaa : Hafiz Ibn Addi Rehm. says “He is a burnt out Shia, and only narrates their narations” {ibid. Pg 197} We was matrook ul hadees.

3. Mujalid bin Sa’eed : He is known to be weak by Ijmaa’ of Aimma, Imam Yahya bin Saeed at one instance warned his friend not to take Seerat from Wahab bin Jareer who would tell seerah from narations of Mujalid, he said “you will only write lies (if you take narrations from him)” {Abu Haatim Ar Razi , Kitaab Al Jarah Wa Ta’deel Vol.4 Pg. 361}

4. Fudail bin Khadeej : Qawl of Abu Haatim as narrated by Hafiz Dhahabi and Ibn Hajjar Rehm. that he is Majhool. and whosoever narrated through him is Matrook. {Mizaan al Etidaal Vol 2 Pg 334}

From this it is understood that ALL the Raawis of this narration from first till the end are Shias, and some those who have made it their goal to ascribe filth to Sahaba R.A.
Thus finally let us list the reasons why this Rawayah is unacceptable
1. All the narrators of the Incident are Shias and in deducing the truthfulness of the incidents especially regarding Muaawiya R.A, is simply biasness.
2. All the narrators are either Dhaeef or Majhool
3. The rawayat does not come upto the category of Darayat because if Mugheera bin She’ba r.a maligned Ali radiAllahu anhu for seven years on the order of Muaawiyah r.a then
a. There should be many narators of such an incident. Then how come there is only on rawi and that too a shia who is known as a liar.
b. Was there no person of Gheera beside Hajr bin Addaddi Rehma who could stop such a makrooh biddat.
c. Justice and Trustworthiness are high caliber qualities. Muaawiya r.a was also a highly political and intelligent person. Would he not realize that his such statements could be harmful to his political stability? Kufa was a den for Ali r.a. lovers. Even a lowly politician would not do something like this as it would be simply encouraging the lovers of Ali r.a to rebel against his govt.

 

Argument 2 : The second naration that is quoted from Bidaya Wa Nihaya Vol 8 Pg 259 is,

When Marwaan was governer in Madina, he would malign Ali r.a while on the mimbar every Jummah. Hasan ibn Ali r.a once said to him “Allah had cursed your father Hakm through his Nabi sallallahu Aleyhi Wassalam’s tongue when you were still in his Salb. and had said that Allah’s curse be upon him and his progeny”

Answer: First and foremost, this whole narration is doubtful because,

a.This whole narration is missing in the original Bidaya Wa Nihaya Egyptian script.
b.The words that are attributed to Nabi Kareem sallallahu Alayhi Wassalam are doubtful.

However, An information of this sort is understood from many other sources as well that Marwaan ibn Hakam during his time at Madina used to say some words which were looked down by the lovers of Ali r.a. But we have to see what was the reality of the matter.

In Sahih Bukhari a narration comes which sheds light on this. Sahi bukhari 5.53: Narrated Abu Hazim: A man came to Sahl bin Sa`d and said, “This is so−and−so,” meaning the Governor of Medina, “He is calling `Ali bad names near the pulpit.” Sahl asked, “What is he saying?” He (i.e. the man) replied, “He calls him (i.e.`Ali) Abu Turab.” Sahl laughed and said, “By Allah, none but the Prophet called him by this name and no name was dearer to`Ali than this.”

In this the Ameer e Madina is Marwaan since the maligning in question is showing the relationship. And the most disrespect in this case then would be Marwan using Abu Turab in its Lughwi sense. And even if he did used to say more maligning statements, how can it be deduced that he did so on order of Muaawiyah r.a. The naration of Bidaya does not say in any way that Muaawiya r.a ordered it or that he was happy on the act.

A Note: 1.The reference of Al Bidaaya Pg. 80 is for Mohammad bin Yusuf Al Thaqafi who was the governor of Walid bin Abdul Malik and not Hazrat Muaawiya R.A . Similarly, Ibn Atheer’s reference talks about the Khulafa of Banu Ummayya in general. There is no mention of Hazrat Muaawiya R.A

2. The word Sabb o shetam in Arabic is mostly “Sabb” which means to abuse and not to curse.

 

Argument 3:Ibn Sa’d said: Ali b. Muhammad told us, from Lout b. Yahya who said: The governors from Bani Ummaya before Umar b. Abdulaziz used to insult Ali on the Minbar.

Answer: “Ali b. Muhammad is Al-Madaeni and he is weak.
His Shaykh Lout b. Yahya is very fallen (weak). Yahya b. Maeen said about him: Not trustworthy. Abu Hatem said: His traditions are Matrouk”

 

Argument 4: Another narration in Muslim:

Sahi muslim Bk 31, Number 5924: Sahl b. Sa’d reported that a person from the offspring of Marwan was appointed as the governor of Medina. He called Sahl b. Sa’d and ordered him to abuse Ali, Sahl refused to do that.

He (the governor) said to him: If you do not agree to it (atleast) say: May Allah curse Abu Turab. Sahl said: There was no name dearer to Ali than Abu Turab (for it was given to him by the Holy Prophet himself) and he felt delighted when he was called by this name. He (the governor) said to him: Narrate to us the story of his being named as Abu Turab. He said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to the house of Fatima and he did not find ‘Ali in the house; whereupon he said: Where is your uncle’s son? She said: (There cropped up something) between me and him which had annoyed him with me. He went out and did not rest here. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to a person to find out where he was. He came and said: Allah’s Messenger, he is sleeping in the mosque. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to him and found him lying in the mosque and saw that his mantle had slipped from his back and his back was covered with dust and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) began to wipe it away from him (from the body of Hadrat ‘Ali) saying: Get up, covered with dust; get up, covered with dust.

Answer:
This is from the utmost ignorance, since Mu’awiya was from the offsprings of Sufyan, not the offsprings of Marwan! And then where is the name of Mu’awiya mentioned in this tradition?  Only a shian e dajjal will try to use this narration against Muawiya(ra).

Secondly, the one who gave that order is not a Companion of the Prophet(saw) nor what you call “Sunnah cursing Imam Ali” but a member of a fitna group about whom Abu Hurayra said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, there will soon come a time upon people when the flock of sheep will be dearer to its owner than all the house of Marwan.” Imam Malik narrates it in al-Muwatta’.

Moreover if the shian e dajjal are willing to use this narration in any way, then we hope they will not show their double standards here. Because in this narration we find that, there used to be differences even in the life of Ali(ra) and Fatima(ra), such that Ali(ra) got angry with Fatima(ra) and left the house, as affirmed by the lover of Ali(ra).

 

Did Ali(ra) curse Muawiya(ra) ?

Answer: The Advice of Ali(ra) in Nahjul Balagha sermon where Ali(ra) showed his displeasure when people cursed/abused Muawiya(ra) and his supporters itself is sufficient to refute these fabrications of shian e dajjal.

وقد أنكر على من يسب معاوية ومن معه فقال: “إنّي أكره لكم أن تكونوا سبّابين، ولكنّكم لو وصفتم أعمالهم، وذكرتم حالهم، كان أصوب في القول، وأبلغ في العذر، وقلتم مكان سبّكم إياهم: اللّهم احقن دماءنا ودماءهم، وأصلح ذات بيننا وبينهم” [نهج البلاغة: ص323

Nahj Al-Balagha”, Ali is reported to have rejected the action of those who insult Mu’awiya and those with them, and told them:  “I hate for you to be from those who insult, but rather describe their deeds … and say instead of your insults: O Allah, preserve our blood and theirs, and bring peace between us and them“[Nahjul balagha page 323]

Anyway, let us elaborate this issue in brief: All the narrations that mention Ali(ra) CURSING Muawiya(ra) are weak most of them contain narrators like Hisham Al-Kalbi regarding whom Ibn ‘Asakir said: Rafidy Lays Bithiqa, ibn Hibban said: Yarwee Al-‘Ajaib wa Al-Akhbaar Alty la Usool Laha, and he was an extreme Shia moreover al-Kalbi narrations of this incident are mursal and he is known Mudalis. Secondly those narrations are narrated from a fanatic and highly criticized shia Abu Mikhnaf. Sunni scholar Hafiz Ibn Hajr Asqalani has summed up the attitude of Sunni scholars towards Abu Mikhnaf. He observes that he is an uncultured, unreliable and unveracious historian. Imam Abu Hatim etc, have called him obsolete and outdated. Imam Dar Kutni calls him a weak source. Yahya bin Mu’in considers him unauthentic and disparages him as if he is a nonentity. Ibn ‘Adi regards him an extremist Shia and a historian. Or the narrations which contain weak narrators or mudalliseen, there is absolutely no authentic narration which contains the phrase “cursing” where Ali(ra) cursed Muawiya(ra).

The authentic narrations which are present are regarding Qunoot, which are given an odd and ugly interpretation by shian e dajjal.

Take for example this narration:

حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ ، قَالَ : أَخْبَرَنَا حُصَيْنٌ ، قَالَ : حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَعْقِلٍ ، قَالَ : صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ عَلِيٍّ صَلَاةَ الْغَدَاةِ ، قَالَ : فَقَنَتَ ، فَقَالَ فِي قُنُوتِهِ : ” اللَّهُمَّ عَلَيْكَ بِمُعَاوِيَةَ وَأَشْيَاعِهِ ، وَعَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ وَأَشْيَاعِهِ ، وَأَبِي السُّلَمِيِّ وَأَشْيَاعِهِ ، وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ وَأَشْيَاعِهِ “

Now the act of Qunoot that sunni talk about differ to type of qunoot that shiaa claim. This narration does not mention anything about cursiung at all but shiaa assume its cursing We do not know based on what shian e dajjal think that. The narrations which talk about qunoot done by Ali(ra) shows that Ali(ra) explained the qunoot. He(ra) said that supplication, so that he becomes victorious against Muawiyah(ra) and so did Muwayah(ra) as each one thought that he was upon the right way concering that decession.

So the authentic hadith does not include the phrase “cursing” and they just  say that Ali(ra) made a supplication to God to grant him victory over the forces of Muawiya(ra), which is not a big issue at all from a fair view, since every army general  to gain victory will do that. Its just like saying O Allah grant me victory in  race where my friend is competing against me. So obviously this supplication is against your friend since he will loose the race or will not get first position, but does it shows that you hate him?

قال الشيخ مقبل الوادعي –رحمه الله- في الهامش –متعقباً-: “أما اللعن فلم نجده في شيء من كتب السنة المعتمدة بعد البحث الطويل، وأما الدعاء عليهم فقد صح عنه رضي الله عنه: قال ابن أبي شيبه (2/137): حدثنا هشيم قال: أخبرنا حصين، قال: حدثنا عبدالرحمن بن معقل: قال: صليت مع علي صلاة الغداة؛ فقنت، فقال في قنوته: اللهم عليك بمعاوية وأشياعه، وعمرو بن العاص وأشياعه، وأبا الأعور السلمي وأشياعه، وعبدالله بن قيس وأشياعه، قال البيهقي (2/204) وقد أخرج بعضه: صحيح مشهور، وهو كما قال من حيث الصحة؛ فهو على شرط الشيخين” اهـ كلام الشيخ مقبل.

Both armies used to pray to God against the other army and to grant them victory. What a sad set of events to see two groups of righteous Muslims killing each other. Many people who abstained from these wars used to say “I looked at one side, and then the other, and both were saying “Allahu Akbar” and killing each other, so I left them both”.

A very beautiful quote is said here:

وما أجمل أن يقال هنا ما قاله الأعمش – رحمه الله – : ” حدثناهم بغضب أصحاب محمد الله صلى عليه وسلم فاتخذوه دينًا (2)

(2) سير اعلام النبلاء (2/394)

Al A’mash(rah) said: We told them about what angered the companions of the Prophet (pbuh) so they took it as their religion

Comment: This refers to those(shian e  dajjal) who base their religion on such events.

Similarly we find:

The Prophet (pbuh) said: A tribulation will fall between my companions, but God will forgive them on account of their companionship with me. Yet people will come after them who will base themselves on this tribulation, and for that they will enter Hellfire [Qurtubi, Altazkira]

The card of multiple chains:

Often the shian e dajjal inorder to deceive people argue that since the weak narrations which talk about Sahaba(ra) being cursed by other Sahaba have multiple chains(routes) thus their ranking should be upgraded from weak to Good(hasan). But in reality this rule is specific to the narrations which talk about VIRTUES of companions, in which there exists slight weakness. But in this issue we have extremely weak innovators(shias) as narrators in between the chain of narrators thus according to principles of hadeeth methodology no matter how much the innovators be in number who reports narrations againt companions of Prophet(saw) , they will be rejected and will be of no value. On the contrary even if an innovator was considered to be Thiqa(trustworthy) when narrates narrations in support of their beliefs then those will be rejected, like shias reporting narrations where sahaba are criticized or nasibis narrating reports where Ahlebayt are criticized.

So people shouldn’t be surprised by the existence of multiple chains. The scholars knew that the existence of a lot of chains was because the innovators really went out of their way to spread that propaganda.

 

Recommendation from Quran to shias:

O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do} [Al-Maeda 5:8]

Our Lord, forgive us and [forgive] our brethren who preceded us in faith. And do not put in our hearts rancour towards the Believers.(59:10)

This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.(2:134)

Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished: for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish.” Quran (17:81)

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7 thoughts on “Part 9: Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Muawiya(ra)

  1. Wonderful, Your job is Mindblowing and I am Garteful to you
    Jazak Allah
    Allah Aapko aur Kamiyab Kare

  2. I was looking for answers for my friend and it troubled me that if the Shias were right then there was so much unsurping poisnoisig murdering adultery during the time of the Prophet(PBUH) between his closest companions and if he was a prophet he shud have known and was beginning to have doubts about Islam but this article has strengthened my imam and further increased my love for The Prophet(PBUH) the sahabas the Ahlal Bayt (may Allah be pleased with them all) thank u so much

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