Part 7: Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Uthman(ra)


Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Usman(ra)

Note: Part 1 is a must read before reading this part. Please read Part 1. And please read all comments mentioned in this article.


View of Ahlebayt regarding Uthman(ra).

1.

أحمد بسنده أيضاً عن محمد بن حاطب قال : سمعت علياً يقول يعني : { إن الذين سبقت لهم منا الحسنى }منهم عثمان

Ahmad with its isnad from Muhammad bin Hatib that he said: “I heard Ali reciting {Surely (as for) those for whom the good reward has already gone forth from Us} [21:101] and he said that from amongst them is Uthman.”[Fadael al Sahaba (1/475) #771 the researcher of the book (Muhaqqiq) said Isnaduhu SAHIH, Ibn Abi ‘Asim in his al-Sunnah (2/574) #1216 and Ibn Jareer in his Tafseer (17/75) and al-Zamakhshari in his Mukhtasar Kitab al Muwafaqa p101.]

Similarly we read in al-Tabari’s Tafsir.
حدثنا مـحمد بن بشار، قال: ثنا مـحمد بن جعفر، قال: ثنا شعبة، عن أبـي بشر، عن يوسف بن سعد ولـيس بـابن ماهَك عن مـحمد بن حاطب، قال: سمعت علـيًّا يخطب فقرأ هذه الآية: { إنَّ الَّذِينَ سَبَقَتْ لَهُمْ مِنَّا الـحُسْنَى أُولَئِكَ عَنْها مُبْعَدُونَ }. قال: عثمان رضي الله عنه منهم
[Muhammad bin Bashar told us, he said: Muhammad bin Ja`far told us, he said: Shu`bah told us, from abu Bishr, from Yusuf bin Sa`d not ibn Mahik, from Muhammad bin Hatib, he said: I heard `Ali deliver a sermon, so he mentioned this verse {Indeed, those for whom the best [reward] has preceded from Us – they are from it far removed.} [21:101], `Ali said: “`Uthman may Allah be pleased with him is from among them.”]

2. Ali went to Kufa. He left Madina at the end of the month of Rabi’ al-Akhir in 36 A H. in order to be near to Syria. His son al-Hasan wanted his father to stay in Madina and take it as the abode of the khalifate as the three Khalifs had done before him (at-Tabari,vol  5, page 171). (awaasim min al aqawasim  page 88)

Comment: Hassan(ra) wanted Ali(ra) stick to the sunnah of three(including Uthman) caliphs before him. Which in other words can be said that, Hassan(ra) wanted Ali(ra) to follow Uthman(ra) in that matter.

3. As it was narrated by Imam Ahmad in his “Fadailu sahaba” (#1057) narrated that Ali said: “I hope that I, Uthman, Talha and Zubair from people regarding whome Allah said: “(15:47) And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury: (they will be) brothers (joyfully) facing each other on thrones (of dignity)”.

Comment: What a beautiful example of brotherhood between these Sahaba.

4. Al-Bayhaqi in his “al-I`tiqad”:
أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو طَاهِرٍ الْفَقِيهُ، أنا أَبُو بَكْرٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ الْقَطَّانُ، ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ السُّلَمِيُّ، ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، قَالَ: ذَكَرَ سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ: قَالَ عَلِيٌّ: إِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ أَكونَ، وَطَلْحَةُ، وَالزُّبَيْرُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالَ اللَّهُ : وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِمْ مِنْ غِلٍّ إِخْوَانًا عَلَى سُرُرٍ مُتَقَابِلِينَ. وَكَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، بَرِيئًا مِنْ قَتْلِ عُثْمَانَ، يَقُولُ: وَاللَّهِ مَا قَتَلْتُ وَلا أَمَرْتُ وَلا رَضِيتُ وَلا شَارَكْتُ فِي قَتْلِ عُثْمَانَ، وَلَكِنْ غُلِبْتُ، وَكَانَ يَقُولُ: إِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ أَكُونَ أَنَا، وَعُثْمَانُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالَ اللَّهُ : وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِمْ مِنْ غِلٍّ إِخْوَانًا عَلَى سُرُرٍ مُتَقَابِلِينَ
[Al-Baqir said: `Ali ibn abi Talib said: “I wish that I and Talhah and al-Zubayr would be from those whom Allah described: {And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of resentment, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other (In paradise)}” and Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen may Allah be pleased with him was innocent from the murder of `Uthman, he would say: “By Allah I never took part in the killing nor did I order it nor am I pleased with it and I never participated in `Uthman’s murder, but I failed (to help because of the rebels).” And he used to say: “I wish that I and `Uthman would be as Allah described: {Brothers on thrones facing each other}.”]

5. Ibn Masud said when homage was paid to `Uthman at the time when he became khalif, “We have given homage to the best of us and we did not neglect.” `Ali b. Abi Talib described him after his term had passed and said, “`Uthman was the closest of us to his kin and he was among those who believe, then are fearfully aware and do good. Allah loves those who do good.” )(awasim min al qawaasim, pg 16)

Comment: Mashallah So according to Ahlebayt Uthman(ra) was loved by Allah.

6. Ibn ‘Abbaas said:If all the people had gathered to kill ‘Uthmaan, they would have been stoned the way the people of Loot were stoned.” [“Fadaa’il as-Sahaabah“: 1/563]

Comment: This shows the high rank and greatness of Uthman(ra) which was even acknowledged by Ahlebayt.

7. Shia book states:
ولأجل ذلك كان ابن عم رسول الله عبد الله بن عباس يقول:

( رحم الله أبا عمرو (عثمان بن عفان) كان والله أكرم الحفدة وأفضل البررة، هجاداً بالأسحار، كثير الدموع عند ذكر النار، نهاضاً عند كل مكرمة ، سباقاً إلى كل منحة، حبيباً، أبياً، وفياً : صاحب جيش العسرة، خِتن رسول الله ) .

[“تاريخ المسعودي” ج3 ص51 ط مصر، أيضاً “ناسخ التواريخ” للمرزه محمد تقي ج5 ص144 ط طهران].

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “May Allaah have mercy on Aboo ‘Amr (‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan).  By Allaah, he was the noblest and most righteous of men. He prayed a great deal at the time before dawn, shed many tears when he remembered the Fire, the first to do righteous deeds and to offer help at the time of calamity, beloved, confident and loyal, the one who equipped the army of Tabook, the son-in-law of the Messenger of Allaah.” [tareekh masooqi vol 3, page 51), (Nasikh al tawareekh vol 5, page 142]

8. Ali is reported to have said:
من تبرأ من دين عثمان فقد تبرأ من الإيمان
Who ever dissociates from the deen of Uthman, he has indeed dissociated from Iman.
[Istiab ma’ Isaba, Vol. 3, p. 76]

9.

ويروى أن أهل الشورى جعلوا الامر إلى عبد الرحمن ليجتهد للمسلمين في أفضلهم ليوليه، فيذكر أنه سأل من يمكنه سؤاله من أهل الشورى وغيرهم فلا يشير إلا بعثمان بن عفان، حتى أنه قال لعلي: أرأيت إن لم أو لك بمن تشير به علي ؟ قال: بعثمان.
وقال لعثمان: أرأيت إن لم أو لك بمن تشير به ؟ قال: بعلي بن أبي طالب.

The people of consultation (Shura) made AbdulRahman the one responsible of doing an Ijtihad to pick the best of the Muslims and give him the leadership, it is mentioned that he asked as many as he could from amongst the people of consultation and others and they all pointed to Uthman Ibn Affan, he even told Ali Ibn Abi Talib: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? Ali said: Uthman, And then he told Uthman: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? He replied: Ali ibn abi Talib. [Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya (7/159-161)]

Comment: This is another marvelous example of brotherhood between Ahlebayt and Uthman(ra), and it even destroys the belief of shian e dajjal that caliphs were appointed by Allah. Because Ali(ra) nominated Uthman(ra) to be caliph if he is not nominated as caliph.

 

Ahlebayt testified the correctness of Uthman’s(ra) caliphate:

1. One of the most sacred book of shias states, that Ali(ra) said:

إنه بايعني القوم الذين بايعوا أبا بكر وعمر وعثمان ، على ما بايعوهم عليه ، فلم يكن للشاهد أن يختار ولا للغائب أن يرد ، وإنما الشورى للمهاجرين والأنصار ، فإن اجتمعوا على رجل وسموه إماماً كان ذلك لله رضى فإن خرج منهم خارج بطعن أو بدعة ردوه إلى ماخرج منه فإن أبى قاتلوه على اتباعه غير سبيل المؤمنين ، وولاه الله ما تولى

Verily, the people who payed allegience to Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, have payed allegience to me based on the same principles as the allegience to them. So anyone who was present has no right to go against his pledge of allegience, and anyone who was absent has no right to oppose it. And verily shura (consultation) is only the right of the Muhajirs and the Ansar. So if they decide upon a man and declare him their imam, then it is with the pleasure of Allah. If anyone goes against this decision, then he must be persuaded to follow the rest of the people. If he persists, then fight with him for leaving that which has been accepted by the believers. And Allah shall let him wander misguided and not guide him. (Nahjul-Balaghah, Letter #6)

Comment: This proves that Caliphate of Uthman(ra) was with the pleasure of Allah, according to Ahlebayt. Subhanallah!

2. The people of consultation (Shura) made AbdulRahman the one responsible of doing an Ijtihad to pick the best of the Muslims and give him the leadership, it is mentioned that he asked as many as he could from amongst the people of consultation and others and they all pointed to Uthman Ibn Affan, he even told Ali Ibn Abi Talib: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? Ali said: Uthman, And then he told Uthman: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? He replied: Ali ibn abi Talib.[ Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya (7/159-161)]
3.

( فأول من بايع عثمان عبد الرحمن بن عوف ثم علي بن أبي طالب ) .

[“طبقات ابن سعد” ج3 ص42 ط ليدن، أيضاً “البخاري” باب قصة البيعة والاتفاق على عثمان بن عفان].

The first to give allegiance to uthman was abdur rahman bin awf then after him was Ali ibn abi talib. [Tabqat ibn saad vol3. pg 42.]

Comment: These reports shows us that Ali(ra) wholeheartedly accepted the Caliphate of Uthman(ra), that is why he said Uthman(ra) was selected as Caliph with the pleasure of Allah, that is why Ali(ra) was the second who gave bayah(allegiance) to Uthman(ra). If he had any sort of hesitation in this issue then surely he would have done bayah later, but Ali(ra) doing it so early proves that he had no problem with the appointment of Uthman(ra). Moreover it also destroys the homemade beliefs of shian e dajjal that caliphs after Prophet(saw) were to be appointed by Allah. And this is even affirmed by one of the most sacred books of shias which is Nahjul balagha. Ali said: “By Allah, I had no liking for the caliphate nor any interest in government, but you yourselves invited me to it and prepared me for it.” [Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 204] ; When people decided to swear allegiance at Amir al-mu’minin’s hand after the murder of Uthman, Ali said: “Leave me and seek someone else. We are facing a matter which has (several) faces and colors, which neither hearts can stand nor intelligence can accept. Clouds are hovering over the sky, and face are not discernible. You should know that if I respond to you that I would lead you as I know and would not care about whatever [anyone else] may say. If you leave me, then I am the same as you are. It is possible I would listen to and obey whoever you make in charge of your affairs. I am better for you as a counselor than as chief.”[Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 91]

Comment: We find that Ali(ra) was not only ready to swear allegiance to Caliph selected by people(other than him) but even he said we will listen that caliph and OBEY him. If at all there existed any other caliph who was appointed by Allah then why would Ali(ra) say that he would obey the caliph (other than him) whom people will select? It must be sufficient for sane and sensible people to understand that the homemade beliefs of shian e dajjal never had any place in Islam.

4.

أمير المؤمنين ما لك اختلف الناس عليك وعلى عثمان واتفقوا على أبي بكر وعمر، فقال اتفق الناس على أبي بكر وعمر حين كان الناس أنا وعثمان، واختلف الناس علي وعلى عثمان حين كان الناس أنت وأمثالك
A man from the Khawarij came to Ameer ‘Ali (ra) and said to him: “What is wrong with you, that the people disagreed on you and ‘Uthman, while they agreed on Abu Bakr and ‘Umar?” so ‘Ali answered: “The people agreed on Abu Bakr and ‘Umar when the people were me and ‘Uthman, and they disagreed on me and ‘Uthman when they were like you and your likes.”

Meaning: The Khariji man wanted to criticize ‘Uthman (ra) and ‘Ali (ra) by telling him that the people were split concerning their right to be Caliphs, on the other hand the people never differed when it came to Abu Bakr (ra) and ‘Umar (ra). So ‘Ali (ra) would reply that when people agreed on the first two Caliphs, these people were all pious companions the likes of himself and ‘Uthman (ra), and then later the people would differ on him and ‘Uthman (ra) because the people were starting to become less pious and less God fearing like the questioner himself.

 

Ahlebayt testified that Uthman ruled in the light of Quran and Sunnah:

1. The conditions of peace between Hasan and Muawiya are described: In the name of Allah , the beneficent, the most Merciful. These are the conditions of peace between Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib and Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan. The first condition is that you should follow Quran , Sunnah and the seerah of the righteous Caliphs. [(Jila ul Ayun, Page 232) , (Ibn `Aqil, al-Nasa’ih al-Kafiya, p. 156), (Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 10, p. 115)]

 

 

 

 

Similar thing is also present in Kashful ghummah:

سم الله الرحمان الرحيم هذا ما صالح عليه الحسن بن على بن أبي طالب معاوية بن أبي سفيان صالحه على أن يسلم إليه ولاية أمر المسلمين على ان يعمل فيهم بكتاب الله تعالى وسنة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وسيرة الخلفاء الراشدين

Ali bin Esa Al-Arbili , Kashaful Ghumma vol. 2, p. 45

Comment: This is a very crucial condition made by hassan(ra) which needs to be pondered over, Hassan(ra) put one of the condition before Muawiya(ra) which stated that he should follow, Quran , sunnah and seerah of righteous caliphs. But the shian e dajjal accuse the 3 righteous caliphs as being innovators and they accuse them of not ruling by Quran and sunnah. So now if what shias say was correct, then why would Hassan(ra) mention that the seerah(biography) of righteous caliph is to be followed ALONG WITH QURAN AND SUNNAH ? Doesn’t this sounds like an oxymoron? If the 3 righteous caliphs rule against what Quran and sunnah teaches then why did Hassan(ra) include them in his condition along with Quran and sunnah? Doesn’t this seems to be two contradictory conditions at one place? But the fact is that this condition itself establishes the reality before unbiased and honest people that neither the 3 righteous caliphs ruled against Quran and sunnah nor were they innovators. That is why hassan(ra) included them to be followed along with Quran and sunnah.

2. Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:  Hudayn ibn al-Mundhir ar-Ruqashi, who was AbuSasan, said: I was present with Uthman ibn Affan when al-Walid ibn Uqbah was brought to him. Humran and another man bore witness against him (for drinking wine). One of them testified that he had seen him drinking wine, and the other testified that he had seen him vomiting it.  Uthman said: He could not vomit it, unless he did not drink it. He said to Ali: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. Ali said to al-Hasan: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him.  Al-Hasan said: He who has enjoyed its pleasure should also bear its burden. So Ali said to Abdullah ibn Ja’far: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. He took a whip and struck him with it while Ali was counting. When he reached (struck) forty (lashes), he said: It is sufficient. The Prophet (saw) gave forty lashes. I think he also said: “And AbuBakr gave forty lashes, and Uthman eighty. This is all sunnah (standard practice). And this is dearer to me.” [Abu dawood Book 38, Number 4465]

Comment:
1- ‘Ali did not claim that ‘Umar did a “Bida’ah” because of the Hadith we posted above, he said “All of them are Sunnah”.
2- ‘Ali did not say “Forty is correct and eighty is wrong” he said “This one(forty) is what I prefer the most.”
3- ‘Ali was very close to ‘Uthman and helped him in managing the affairs of the people.
4- ‘Ali obeyed ‘Uthman.

3. Narrated Ibn `Abbas: I offered the `Id prayer with Allah’s Apostle, Abu Bakr, `Umar and `Uthman and all of them offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba.[Sahi bukhari 2.79]

4. Narrated Ibn `Abbas: I brought water to `Uthman bin `Affan to perform the ablution while he was sitting on his seat. He performed the ablution in a perfect way and said, “I saw the Prophet performing the ablution in this place and he performed it in a perfect way and said, “Whoever performs the ablution as I have done this time and then proceeds to the mosque and offers a two−rak`at prayer and then sits there (waiting for the compulsory congregational prayers), then all his past sins will be forgiven.”[Sahi bukhari 8.441]

Comment: Ahlebayt testified that the pattern of wudu(ablution) of Uthman(ra) was same as of Prophet(saw)

 

Ahlebayt were Loyal to Caliph Uthman(ra) and took part in Jihad under the Caliphate of Uthman(ra)

1. Ali bin AbI Talib(RA) said during the Caliphate of Uthman(RA): If Uthman ordered me to go to Sirar I would listen and obey. [Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 15/255, Sanad is Sahih.]

Comment: This in Arabic is a sign of clear obedience and loyalty.

Similarly, there is this Sahih hadith:
لو سيرني عثمان إلى صرار لسمعت وأطعت
‘Ali bin abi Talib says: “If ‘Uthman ordered me I would listen and obey.”[Musannaf ibn abi Shaybah 15/225].

2.

وبعث عدة من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أبناءهم ليمنعوا الناس الدخول على عثمان، وكان فيمن ذهب للدفاع عنه ولزم الباب ابن عم عليّ :عبد الله بن عباس، ولما أمّره ذو النورين في تلك الأيام على الحج قال :

( والله يا أمير المؤمنين! لجهاد هؤلاء أحب إلي من الحج، فأقسم عليه لينطلقن ) .

[“تاريخ الأمم والملوك” أحوال سنة 35].

During the time when Uthman(ra) posted Abdullah ibn Abbas(ra) as the Ameer of Haj, So he said: I swear by Allah o Ameer ul momineen, doing jihad here is more dearer to me than performing haj. I took an oath that I will not leave from here until these people leave.(Tareekh al umm wal maluk, under the conditions of 35H)

3. We receive al-Hasan at the time of Uthman, while he was in the vigor and prime of youth. He was over twenty years old. This age allows one to plunge into the battle of life and give an opinion of the social side. During this age, Imam al-Hasan entered, as it was said, the field of jihad, which is one of the doors to the Garden. He joined the Mujahideen whose standards headed for Africa to conquer it in the year 26 A.H. Through al-Hasan, the grandson of Allah’s Apostle (a.s), the Mujahideen remembered the personality of his grandfather. So they showed extreme courage and Allah made Africa be conquered at their hands. When the battle ended, al-Hasan (a.s) headed for the capital of his grandfather (a.s). He was victorious and happy at the expansion of Islam and spread of the religion of his grandfather. In the year 30 A. H. the Muslim armies carried the standards of victory and headed for Tabaristan. Al-Hasan joined them. Because of his blessing, Allah made them conquer it and made the standard of Islam flutter over it. [THE LIFE OF IMAM HASAN AL-MUJTABA, by Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi(shia book)]

4. Sayyiduna Hasan and Sayyiduna Husayn both took part in the conquest of Tabaristan during the rule of Sayyiduna ‘Uthman under Sa’id ibn al-‘As in 30 AH (See “Tarikh at-Tabari” vol. 5 p. 103, “al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah” vol. 5 p. 237)

5. In the year 30 A.H , a Muslim army , under the leadership of Saeed ibn al-Aas (the then governor of Kufa) was prepared, in this army were present noble sahaba wa aal-e-Muhammad like Hasan , Hussain , Ibn Abbas, and Ibn Umar, Abdullah ibn Umru ibn al-Aas , Huzaifa ibn Sulayman, and Ibn Zubair.

فإن سعيدًا غزاها من الكوفة سنة ثلاثين ومعه الحسن والحسين وابن عباس وعبد الله بن عمر بن الخطاب وعبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص وحذيفة بن اليمان وابن الزبير وناس من أصحاب النبي ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم

al-Kaamil, Vol. 3, p. 54

This is mentioned in other history books also.
Tarikh ibn Jarir , Vol. 5, p. 67
Al bidaya, Vol. 7, p. 154
Tarikh Ibn Khaldun, Vol. 6, p. 1018

6. In year 27 AH Abdullah ibn sarh went with an army to conquer Tripoli, the main Byzantine fort of North Africa at that time. Uthman also sent a reinforcement from madinah which included men like al hasan, al husayn , Abdullah ibn umar, Abdullah ibn az zubayr, Abdur rahmaan ibn abi baker. After some disagreements the inhabitants of Tripoli agreed to negotiate peace and promised to pay the jizyah annually. (Biographies of the rightly guided caliphs page 292)

7. Ali(ra) said that he was loyal and obedient to uthman, took part in jihad in the muslim army that was under his(uthman) command. He used to accept whatever uthman gave him, and punished those who went against Allah’s laws, on his (uthmaan) orders. (Biographies of the rightly guided caliphs page 342)

8. Shia historian states:

وقبول عبد الله بن عباس الإمارة على الحج سنة 35 .[“تاريخ اليعقوبي” ج2 ص176

In 35 H  Abdullah bin abbas accepted the post of leadership for haj, he fulfilled the obligations of Ameer e haj( tareekh al yaqoobi, vol 2, pg 176)

The posts which were offered to Ahlebayt during Caliphate of Uthman(ra)

a. We read in the famous Shia book , Qurbul Asnad
إن أبا بكر, وعمر، وعثمان, وعلي كانوا يرفعون الحدود إلى علي بن أبى طالب
In the era of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, the Hudood cases were dealt by Ali ibn Abi Talib.[Qurbul Asnad, p. 133]

b. Another Hashimite, Mughaira bin Nofal, who married the widow of Ali after his death, and who was the grandson of Ali’s Uncle, Harith bin Abdul Muttalib, acted as governor during the era of Uthman.
وكان المغيرة بن نوفل قاضياً في خلافة عثمان
Istiab , Vol. 3, p. 366
Asadul ghaba, Vol. 4, p. 408

c. Similarly , another Hashimite, Abdullah ibn Harith ibn Nofal ibn Harith (the brother of Abu Talib) ibn Abdul Muttalib, was given certain task in the era of Prophet (s) in Mecca, andit remained the same in the era of the three caliphs.
واستعمل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الحارث بن نوفل على بعض أعمال مكة ثم ولاه أبو بكر وعمر وعثمان مكة
[Tabaqat ibn Sad, Vol. 4, p. 39]

Comment: These reports shows us that Ahlebayt remained loyal and obedient to Uthman(ra) and accepted his Caliphate wholeheartedly, that is why they took part in jihad under the caliphate of Uthman(ra). And accepted the position that were granted to them by Uthman(ra), moreover we shouldn’t forget that Uthman(ra) firstly offered those positions to Ahlebayt which they accepted.

 

Hz Ali(ra) wasn’t under oppression in the Caliphate of Uthman(ra)

Narrated Marwan bin Al−Hakam: I saw `Uthman and `Ali. `Uthman used to forbid people to perform Hajj−at−Tamattu` and Hajj−al−Qiran (Hajj and `Umra together), and when `Ali saw (this act of `Uthman), he assumed Ihram for Hajj and `Umra together saying, “Lubbaik for `Umra and Hajj,” and said, “I will not leave the tradition of the Prophet on the saying of somebody.” [Sahi bukhari 2.634]

Comment: This narration exposes before us the lies of shian e dajjal that Ali(ra) was under taqiya under the caliphate of three righteous caliphs. But reality is infront of us, Ali(ra) without any fear said that he will not leave the tradition of Prophet(saw) over the command of anyone. This proves that Ali(ra) was never under oppression under the caliphs of Islam. Well it also needs to be cleared that this was a dispute in jurisprudence because the act of both Sahaba(Ali and Uthman) was based on the teachings of Prophet(saw).

 

Ali’s RA opinion about what Uthman RA did by gathering all the people around one reading of Quran:

1.Ali RA used to forbid people from criticizing Uthman RA for burning the Qurans and gathering the people around one reading:

وكان على رضي الله عنه ينهي من يعيب على عثمان – رضي الله عنه – بذلك ويقول: يا أيها الناس لا تغلوا في عثمان، ولا تقولوا له إلا خيرًا، فوالله ما فعل الذي فعل- أي في المصاحف – إلا عن ملأ منا جميعًا؛ أي الصحابة..والله لو وليت لفعلت مثل الذي فعل

Ali RA said: O people do not make Ghulu in Uthman and only say what is good about him, By Allah he did what he did openly in front of all of us(companions) .. by Allah if I were given authority I would do the same as he did. [Seerat Ameer al mumineen Ali bin Abi talib by Dr.al Sallaby, Fath al bari fi Sharh Sahih al bukhari for Ibn Hajar(9/18). Rank: Isnad is SAHIH according to al hafiz Ibn Hajar.]

Comment: Ali(ra) cleared and refuted the doubts/arguments of shian e dajjal created in that era, yet the present day shian e dajjal aren’t convinced with what Ali(ra) said. They accuse Uthman(ra) for what he did.

2.

: لما اختلف الناس في القرآن وبلغ ذلك عثمان جمعنا أصحاب رسول الله واستشارنا في جمع الناس على قراءة، فأجمع رأينا مع رأيه على ذلك، وقال بعد ذلك: لو وليت الذي ولى، لصنعت مثل الذي صنع

Ali RA Then said: When the people differed regarding the Quran and this had reached Uthman he then gathered us the companions of the messenger of Allah PBUH and he consulted us about uniting the people on one reading, so our opinion was the same as his, (Ali then continued): “If I was given the authority which he was given I would have done as he did.” [Seerat Ameer al mumineen Ali bin Abi talib by Dr.al Sallaby, Kitab al Masahif for Ibn Abu Dawood pages 29-30 The Isnad is Sahih.]

Comment: The shian e dajjal while accusing Uthman(ra) for what he did, doesn’t realize that indirectly they are accusing even Ali(ra) because his view was the same for what Uthman(ra) did. And let us clear a fact, someone might say that Ali(ra) was under taqiyyah that is why he said so, but it’s a lie since we have narrations where Ali(ra) openly disagreed on certain matter with Uthman(ra) which we say above.

 

The virtues of Uthman(ra) narrated by Ahlebayt:

1. Narrated from Ali, that prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “May Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr. He married me to his daughter, took me the the Abode of Hijrah, and freed Bilal with his own property. May Allah have mercy on Umar. He spoke the truth even if he were to suffer on account of it , and he observed the truth which made people hate him and caused his loss of friends. May Allah have mercy on Uthman. The angels are shy before him. May Allah have mercy on Ali. O Allah, make him observe the truth  wherever he goes”.[ Ibn Asakir  “Arbain fi manaqib ummahatil muminin” (#24) Ibn Asakir said: “This is a al-Hasan saheeh tradition”.]

2. It was narrated by Imam Ahmad in “Fadailu Sahaba” (#770) from Muhammad ibn Khattab: “I asked Ali about Uthman, he said: “He is from those who believed, and then feared (Allah), and then again believed and again feared (Allah)” And he didn’t finish the verse (quran 5:93) [Fadailu Sahaba” (#770)]

3. It was narrated by Ahmad in “Fadailu Sahaba” (#771) from Muhammad ibn Khattab that Ali said: “Those for whom the good (record) from Us( quran 21:101)”– Uthman among them”.

4. It was reported on authority of Ali(ra) who said: I heard the prophet(Saw) say to Uthman: “If I had forty daughters, I would give them in marriage to you one by one until no one of them remained”. ( reported by ibn Asaakir)  (Biographies of the rightly guided caliphs page 278)

5. Ibn ‘Abbaas read the verse: ”Is such a man equal to one {believer} who commands justice and is himself on the Straight path?” [Soorah an-Nahl: 76] Then he said, “Such a man was ‘Uthmaan.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer: 2/579]

6. عن علي بن أبي طالب أنه سئل عن عثمان فقال ذاك امرؤ يدعى في الملأ الأعلى ذا النورين كان ختن رسول الله على ابنتيه
Ali ibn Abi Talib was asked about Uthman , so he said : He is the person who is remembered as “Dhul Nurayn” near Mala al-Ala (that is the gathering of angels in the heavens), for the Prophet (s) married his two daughters to him (i.e Uthman).
Isaba ma’ Istiab , Vol. 2, p. 455
Tarikhul Khulufa, p. 105
Kinzul Ammal, Vol. 6, p. 373

7. we read in Kinzul Ammal
سئل علي عن عثمان قال : نعم يسمى في السماء الرابعة ذا النورين
Ali was asked about Uthman on which he said : His name Dhul nurayn is written on the fourth heaven.
Kinzul Ammal, Vol. 6, p. 379

8. Shia tradition states:

( فأرسل إليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فقال : انطلق إلى قومك من المؤمنين فبشرهم بما وعدني ربي من فتح مكة، فلما انطلق عثمان لقي أبان بن سعيد فتأخر عن السرج فحمل عثمان بين يديه ودخل عثمان فأعلمهم وكانت المناوشة، فجلس سهيل بن عمرو عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وجلس عثمان في عسكر المشركين وبايع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المسلمين، وضرب بإحدى يديه على الأخرى لعثمان، وقال المسلمون : طوبى لعثمان قد طاف بالبيت وسعى بين الصفا والمروة وأحل، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ما كان ليفعل، فلما جاء عثمان قال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : أطفت بالبيت؟ فقال : ما كنت لأطوف بالبيت ورسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يطف به، ثم ذكر القصة وما فيها ) .

[“كتاب الروضة من الكافي” ج8 ص325، 326].

Narrated from Imam abi abdillah(as)(jafar sadiq): ….So the Prophet (pbuh) sent for him(uthman) and said: Go to the believers among your people and give them glad tidings about what God has promised me on the victory in Meccah, so when Uthman left he met Abaan bin Sa’eed and he was delayed from mounting a saddle and Uthman armed himself and entered upon them and there was a skirmish. Suhail bin Amro sat next to the Prophet (pbuh) and Uthman sat in the barracks of the idolaters and the Prophet (pbuh) was given the pledge of allegiance by the Muslims, and the Prophet (pbuh) clasped his hands together for Uthman, and the Muslims said: Congratulations to Uthman, he has circumambulated the Kaaba and walked between the Safa and Marwa and made that possible, so the Prophet (pbuh) said: He couldn’t have. So when Uthman came the Prophet (pbuh) said: Did you circumambulate the Kaaba? So Uthman said: I couldn’t circumambulate the Kaaba when the Prophet of God (pbuh) hadn’t done so yet, and he told them about what had happened[kitab rawza min al kafi, vol 8, pg 325-326)]

Comment: This narrations shows us the greatest virtue of Uthman(ra), because Prophet(saw) considered one of his hand as the hand of Uthman and did bayah on behalf of Uthman, this incident is regarding the treaty of Hudaibiyah. This proves that Prophet(Saw) used to trust uthman(ra) a lot that is why he sent uthman(ra) for the negotiation. Importantly this narration proves us the respect and honor Uthman(ra) had for Prophet(saw), Imagine he went to haram, yet returned without circumambulation, just because prophet(Saw) didn’t do it.

9.

إِنَّ النَّاسَ وَرَائي، وَقَدِ اسْتَسْفَرُوني (1) بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُمْ، وَوَاللهِ مَا أَدْرِي مَا أَقُولُ لَكَ! مَا أَعْرِفُ شَيْئاً تَجْهَلُهُ، وَلاَ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى أَمْر لاَ تَعْرِفُهُ، إِنَّكَ لَتَعْلَمُ مَا نَعْلَمُ، مَا سَبَقْنَاكَ إِلَى شَيْءٍ فَنُخْبِرَكَ عَنْهُ، وَلاَ خَلَوْنَا بِشَيْءٍ فَنُبَلِّغَكَهُ، وَقَدْ رَأَيْتَ كَمَا رَأَيْنَا، وَسَمِعْتَ كَمَا سَمِعْنَا، وَصَحِبْتَ رَسُولَ الله -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه- كَمَا صَحِبْنَا. وَمَا ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ وَلاَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِأَوْلَى بِعَمَلِ الْحَقِّ مِنْكَ، …..وَأَنْتَ أَقْرَبُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه وَسَلَّمِ- وَشِيجَةَ (2) رَحِمٍ مِنْهُمَا، وَقَدْ نِلْتَ مَنْ صَهْرِهِ مَا لَمْ يَنَالاَ. فَاللهَ اللهَ فِي نَفْسِكَ

Ali RAA said to Uthman RAA when he entered upon him: “The people are behind me and they have made me an ambassador between you and themselves; but by Allah, I do not know what to say to you. I know nothing which you do not know, nor can I lead you to any matter of which you are not aware. You certainly know what we know, we have not come to know anything before you which we could tell you; nor did we learn anything in secret which we should convey to you. You have seen as we have seen and you have heard as we have heard. You sat in the company of the Prophet of Allah as we did. (Abu Bakr) Ibn Abi Quhafah and (`Umar) ibn al-Khattab were no more responsible for acting righteously than you, since you are nearer than both of them to the Prophet of Allah through kinship, and you also hold relationship to him by marriage which they do not hold.”[Nahj ul Balagha, sermon 164]

Comment: So after reading this sermon few points are highlighted:

1.Uthman RAA knows what Ali RAA knows. They both Accompanied the Prophet PBUH and both learned from him from what they saw and heard. Prophet PBUH didn’t teach Ali RAA anything in secret so that he may tell Uthman RAA about it nor does he have divine hidden secret knowledge (Which the prophet PBUH entrusted only to him as Shiites claim).
2- Abu Bakr RAA and Umar RAA both did righteous deeds but Uthman RAA is entitled to do more since the Prophet PBUH married him two of his daughters .

 

The love and respect Uthman(ra) had for Ahlebayt

ويروى أن أهل الشورى جعلوا الامر إلى عبد الرحمن ليجتهد للمسلمين في أفضلهم ليوليه، فيذكر أنه سأل من يمكنه سؤاله من أهل الشورى وغيرهم فلا يشير إلا بعثمان بن عفان، حتى أنه قال لعلي: أرأيت إن لم أو لك بمن تشير به علي ؟ قال: بعثمان.
وقال لعثمان: أرأيت إن لم أو لك بمن تشير به ؟ قال: بعلي بن أبي طالب.

1. The people of consultation (Shura) made AbdulRahman the one responsible of doing an Ijtihad to pick the best of the Muslims and give him the leadership, it is mentioned that he asked as many as he could from amongst the people of consultation and others and they all pointed to Uthman Ibn Affan, he even told Ali Ibn Abi Talib: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? Ali said: Uthman, And then he told Uthman: If I do not nominate you then who do you suggest for me? He(uthman) replied: Ali ibn abi Talib. [Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya (7/159-161)]

Comment: Uthman(ra) didn’t nominate any of his relatives but Ali(ra), this shows us the great bonding of love and affection Ahlebayt and Uthman(ra) shared among each other.

2. We read in Tarikh Tibri
كان مما أحدث عثمان فرضي به منه أنه ضرب رجلا في منازعة استخف فيها بالعباس بن عبد المطلب فقيل له فقال نعم أيفخم رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم عمه وأرخص في الاستخفاف به لقد خالف رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم من فعل ذلك ومن رضي به منه
Uthman started a new thing, and it was liked, he beated a person who talked ill about Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib. The people asked him about it, he said : So the Prophet (s) will respect his uncle (i.e Abbas) and I will let the people degrade him? Whoever likes such a thing (that is the degradation of one to whom the Prophet (s) would give respect) , he actually opposed the Prophet (s).
Tarikh Tibri, Vol. 5, p. 136
Kinzul Ammal, Vol. 7, p. 69

Comment: Uthman(ra) couldn’t tolerate member of Ahlebayt being insulted.

3. Salamah bin Abdulrahman said that Abu Qutadah Al-Ansari along with another man from Al-Ansar entered upon Uthman while he was surrounded. Abu Qutadah asked for the permission to go to Hajj, and Uthman gave them the permission. The two men asked, “What should we do if these people attacked you?” Uthman answered, “Be with the majority.” The two men asked again, “What if the majority was with these people?” Uthman answered, “Stay with the majority, wherever it is.” Then the two men left Uthman’s room, and when they were about to leave the house, they saw Al-Hasan bin Ali entering. So they followed Al-Hasan wanting to know what Al-Hasan wanted. When Al-Hasan entered upon Uthman, he said, “O’ Commander of the Faithful! I am under your command, so order me as you wish.” Uthman answered, “My dear brother’s son! Go back, and stay in your home until Allah carries out His order. I do not need the shedding of blood.” [Musnad Ahmed, Virtues of the Companions, #753]

Comment: This narration establishes the braveness and courage of Uthman(ra),  If he was a coward (mazallah) like the shian e dajjal misinterpreting incidents portray, then under these circumstances Uthman(ra) would have said to Hassan(ra) that please guard me and save me from rebels, etc, but we find that Uthman(ra) like a fearless lion said the opposite. Moreover  this also shows that Uthman(ra) had great love for Ahlebayt, he didn’t wanted that Hassan(ra) might get hurt while trying to save him. That is why he commanded that hassan(ra) should return.

4. Shia book states:

ولقد نقل المامقاني عن الرضا – الإمام الثامن عندهم – أنه قال :

( إن عبد الله بن عامر بن كريز لما افتتح خراسان أصاب ابنتين ليزدجرد ابن شهريار ملك الأعاجم، فبعث بهما إلى عثمان بن عفان فوهب إحداهما للحسن والأخرى للحسين فماتتا عندهما نفساوين ) .

[“تنقيح المقال في علم الرجال” للمامقاني ج3 ص80 ط طهران].

Imam Raza(as) said: Abdullah bin Amer bin karz when conquered Khurazan, he found king yazd jar bin shahreyar’s  two daughters. He sent them to Uthman bin afaan. So he gifted one to Hassan(ra) and another hussain(ra). Who remained with them till their death.(tanqeeh al maqaal fi alamal rijaal vol 3 page 80)

5. The funeral prayer of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib was also lead by Uthman, and he was buried in Jannatul Baqi.
وصلى عليه عثمان بن عفان ، ودفن بالبقيع
Al bidaya , Vol. 7, p. 162

6. We read in al bidaya of Ibn Kathir
إن عمر بن الخطاب وعثمان بن عفان كانا إذا مرا بالعباس وهما راكبان ترجلا إكراما له

When Umar and Uthman would pass near Abbas while they were riding , they would dismount and would go by feet due to respect for him.
Al bidaya wa al nihaya, Vol. 7, p. 162
Istiab ma’ Isaba, Vol. 3, p. 98
Tahzeeb al tahzeeb, Vol. 5, p. 123

Comment: This was because the Prophet (s) would also give respect to Abbas
وقد كان رسول الله ، صلى الله عليه وسلم ، يجله ويعظمه وينزله منزلة الوالد من الولد
The Prophet (s) would give resect to Abbas like the children respect their father. [Al bidaya wa al nihaya, Vol. 7, p. 161]

7. Once there arose a quarrel between Aqeel ibn Abi Talib and his wife Fatima bint Utba, on which Fatima went to Uthman
فشدت عليها ثيابها فجاءت عثمان فذكرت له ذلك, فضحك, فأرسل ابن عباس ومعاوية, فقال ابن عباس, لأفرقن بينهما, فقال معاوية: ما كنت لأفرق بين شيخين من بني عبد مناف, فأتياهما فوجداهما قد أغلقا عليهما أبوابهما فرجعا

And narrated to him what happened, Uthman laughed at it, then he sent this issue to Ibn Abbas and Muawiyah. Ibn Abbas said : They should be separated. Muawiyah said : I don’t want separation between two noble personalities of bani abd manaf. Afterwards they went to Aqeel’s home, and they saw that they had reconciled, so they returned. [Musannif, by Abdur Razaq, Vol. 6, p. 513]

8. We read in Shia book:

Uthman expressed : Who could be like these young men[Hassan, Hussain & Abdullah bin Jafar]? They have stored intellect in abundance , And possess gentleness & wisdom way more than others. [Book: Khisaal , Al Kisa Publishers. Page : 84 ,Author: Sheikh al Sudooq]

 

The role of Uthman(ra) in the marriage of Ali(ra) and Fatima(ra)

1. Abu Al-Fath Al-Arbali – a major Shia scholar – mentions in his book Kashf Al-Ghummah the story of the marriage of Ali to Fatima and how Uthman helped Ali in his marriage.
قال علي : فأقبل رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله فقال : يا أبا الحسن انطلق الان فبع درعك وائتني بثمنه حتى اهيئ لك ولا بنتي فاطمة ما يصلحكما . قال علي : فانطلقت فبعته بأربعمائة درهم سود هجرية ، من عثمان بن عفان فلما قبضت الدراهم منه وقبض الدرع مني قال : يا أبا الحسن لست أولى بالدرع منك وأنت أولى بالدراهم مني ، فقلت : بلى ، قال : فان الدرع هدية مني إليك فأخذت الدرعوالدراهم ، وأقبلت إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله فطرحت الدرع والدراهم بين يديه وأخبرته بماكان من أمر عثمان ، فدعاله بخير

Ali said, “Then the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him told me, Go now and sell your armor and come back with its value so I may prepare what is good for you and Fatima.’ So I went and sold my armor to Uthman bin Affan for 400 Darhams. When the money was in my hand and the armor was in his hands, Uthman said to me, ‘Abu Al-Hasan! Don’t you need the armor more than I do and don’t you need the money more than I do?’ I answered with a yes. So he said, ‘Then take back the armor. It is a gift from me to you.’ So I took back the armor and the money and went to the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him. I handed the armor and the money over to the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and I told him what happened between Uthman and me. The Prophet then asked Allah goodness for Uthman.” [Kashf Al-Ghummah, by Al-Arbali, vol. 1, p. 368 under the subtitle of “A Chapter in his marriage to Fatima alayha Al-salam”] [Manaqib, by Khwarizmi, p. 252-253] [Bihar al Anwar, Vol. 10, p. 40]

2. Shia books state:
انطلق فادع لي أبا بكر وعمر وعثمان ….. وبعددهم من الأنصار، قال : فانطلقت فدعوتهم له، فلما أن أخذوا مجالسهم قال ….. إني أشهدكم أنى قد زوجت فاطمة من علي على أربعمائة مثقال من فضة ) .

[“كشف الغمة” ج1 ص358، أيضاً “المناقب” للخوارزمي ص252، و”بحار الأنوار” للمجلسي ج10 ص38]

Narrated anas(ra) that Prophet(saw) said : Go and call abubakr, umar, uthman… and same number of men from ansar. He said I went and called them, when everyone sat, then prophet(saw) said I make you witness that I have done the nikah of Fatima with ali. [(Kashful ghumma vol 1, pg 358.) ; (bihar ul anwar vol 1 pg 38)]

Comment: For the marriage of Ali(ra) his brothers were already present, they could have been sufficient for the witnesses, but since the proposal for the marriage was brought by these people that is why Prophet(saw) made these men as witnesses.

 

Hz Ali(ra) Never spoke bad about Uthman(ra)

Narrated Ibn Al−Hanafiya(son of Ali): If `Ali had spoken anything bad about `Uthman then he would have mentioned the day when some persons came to him and complained about the Zakat officials of `Uthman. `Ali then said to me, “Go to `Uthman and say to him, ‘This document contains the regulations of spending the Sadaqa of Allah’s Apostle so order your Zakat officials to act accordingly.” I took the document to `Uthman. `Uthman said, “Take it away, for we are not in need of it.” I returned to `Ali with it and informed him of that. He said, “Put it whence you took it.” Narrated Muhammad bin Suqa: I heard Mundhir at−Tuzi reporting Ibn Hanafiya who said, “My father sent me saying, ‘Take this letter to `Uthman for it contains the orders of the Prophet concerning the Sadaqa.’ [Sahi bukhari 4.343]

 

Ahlebayt versus the enemies of Uthman(ra)

1. Shia book states: “Then some people from Iraq entered upon him (Al-Imam Zayn Al-Abideen Ali bin Al-Hussain) and said some bad things about Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman. When they were done, Ali bin Al-Hussain told them, ‘Tell me, Are you the (Muhajirs, those who were expelled from their homes and their property, while seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure, and aiding Allah and His Messenger: such are indeed the sincere ones)? They answered, ‘No!’ Then Ali bin Al-Hussain said, ‘So, are you (those who, before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith, show their affection to such as came to them for refuge, and entertain no desire in their hearts for things given to the (latter), but give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot))?’ They answered, ‘No!’ Ali bin Al-Hussain said, ‘Therefore, you disassociated yourselves from being one of these two groups and I bear witness that you are not the ones (who came after them say: “Our Lord! Forgive us, and our brethren who came before us into the Faith, and leave not, in our hearts, rancor (or sense of injury) against those who have believed. Our Lord! Thou art indeed Full of Kindness, Most Merciful.”) Get out of here, may Allah curse you!” [Kashf Al-Ghummah, vol. 2, p. 291, under the subtitle of “Virtues of Al-Imam Zayn Al-Abideen”]

2. Ibn ‘Abbaas said:If all the people had gathered to kill ‘Uthmaan, they would have been stoned the way the people of Loot were stoned. [“Fadaa’il as-Sahaabah“: 1/563]

3.Shia books state:
( أيها الناس! إن الذي تفعلون لا يشبه أمر المؤمنين ولا أمر الكافرين، إن فارس والروم لتؤسر فتطعم فتسقي، فوالله لا تقطعوا الماء عن الرجل، وبعث إليه بثلاث قرب مملوءة ماء مع فتية من بني هاشم ) .

[“ناسخ التواريخ” ج2 ص531، ومثله في “أنساب الأشراف”، للبلاذري ج5 ص69].

When the rebels seized Uthman(ra) from even drinking water, Ali(ra) addressed them saying: O people! The thing you are doing neither the muslims did nor the disbelievers, even the Iranis and Romans when arrest someone they allow them to eat and drink. For the sake of Allah don’t stop this man from drinking water. Then Ali(ra) sent water through a woman from bani hashim to Uthman(ra). (Nasikh al tawareekh, vol 2, page 531) similar report is even mentioned in Ansaab Al asraaf, vol 5, pg 69)

4. Ibn Abbas is reported to have said in shia books:
ختن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فأعقب الله على من يلعنه لعنة اللاعنين، إلى يوم الدين
He (i.e Abu Umru i.e Uthman) was the son in law of Prophet (s) , may Allah’s curse be upon those who curse him till the day of Judgement.
Tarikh Masudi, Vol. 3, p. 60
Nasikh ut tawarikh , Vol. 5, p. 144

5. Ali(ra) tells us his opinion of why the rebellion of `Uthman(ra) was done in the first place, in al-Sunan by `Abdullah we read:

حَدَّثَنِي إِسْمَاعِيلُ أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ، نا عَبَّادُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ مُضَارِبِ بْنِ حَزْنٍ، قَالَ: قِيلَ لِعَلِيٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ: ” مَا حَمَلَهُمْ عَلَى قَتْلِ عُثْمَانَ؟ قَالَ: الْحَسَدُ
[Isma`eel abu Ma`mar told me, `Abbas bin `Awwam told me, from Sa`eed bin Iyas al-Jariri, from Mudarib bin Hazan, he said: They said to `Ali(ra): “What caused them to kill `Uthman?” He replied: “Jealousy.”] Hadith is authentic.


The role of Ahlebayt in defending Uthman(ra) from the rebellions(a sign of love and care):

1. Shia book states: It also seems clear that even during these last tumultuous days Ali continued to play his conciliatory and mediatory role. He many times did succeed in dispersing the unruly mob that wanted to hurt the Caliph, and during the siege he appointed his sons Hasan and Husayn to stand at the house of ‘Uthman and protect him from the angry crowd. They were, however, jostled and pushed aside by the mob, and the Caliph was killed. Hearing the news, Ali was the first to reach the scene and was so furious at what had transpired that he slapped the face of Husayn and hit Hasan for failing to save the life of the Caliph. [(Origins and development of Shiaism by SHIA SCHOLAR S.H.M Jaffri. chapter 4: The Re-emergence of the ‘Alid Party) ; (Baladhurl, V, pp.62 if., 69); (Tabarl, I, pp. 2988 ); (Mas’udi, Muruj, II, p.232); (‘Iqd, IV, p.290)]

2. Shia book states:
( أيها الناس! إن الذي تفعلون لا يشبه أمر المؤمنين ولا أمر الكافرين، إن فارس والروم لتؤسر فتطعم فتسقي، فوالله لا تقطعوا الماء عن الرجل، وبعث إليه بثلاث قرب مملوءة ماء مع فتية من بني هاشم ) .

[“ناسخ التواريخ” ج2 ص531، ومثله في “أنساب الأشراف”، للبلاذري ج5 ص69].

When the rebels seized Uthman(ra) from even drinking water, Ali(ra) addressed them saying: O people! The thing you are doing neither the muslims did nor the disbelievers, even the Iranis and Romans when arrest someone they allow them to eat and drink. For the sake of Allah don’t stop this man from drinking water. Then Ali(ra) sent water through a woman from bani hashim to Uthman(ra). (Nasikh al tawareekh, vol 2, page 531) similar report is even mentioned in Ansaab Al asraaf, vol 5, pg 69)

3. Al-Masoudi, the Shia historian, narrates in his book Murooj Al-Thahab, “When Ali was told that they [the rebels] wanted to kill him [Uthman], he sent his two sons Al-Hasan and Al-Hussain along with his slaves with weapons to Uthman to support him. Ali ordered them to defend Uthman. Al-Zubair sent his son Abdullah, Talha sent his son Muhamed, and the vast majority of the Companions’ sons were sent by their fathers. They prevented the rebels from entering the house.” [Murooj Al-Thahab, vol.2, p.344]

4.

أخرج ابن عساكر عن جابر بن عبد الله، رضي الله عنه، أن عليًا أرسل إلى عثمان فقال: إن معي خمسمائة دارع، فأذن لي، فأمنعك من القوم، فإنك لم تحدث شيئًا يستحل به دمك، فقال: جزيت خيرًا، ما أحب أن يهراق دم في سببي

Jabbir bin Abdullah said: Ali (رضّى الله عنه) sent a letter to Uthman (رضّى الله عنه) saying, “I have 500 men, so give me the permission to defend you from these people, otherwise things would happen that they would kill you.” Uthman (رضّى الله عنه) answered, “May Allah reward you for your good intentions, but I do not want blood to be shed for my cause.” [Tareekh Damascus, p.403]

5. When Hasan (رضّى الله عنه) entered upon Uthman (رضّى الله عنه), he said, “O Commander of the Faithful! I am under your command, so order me as you wish.” Uthman (رضّى الله عنه) answered, “My dear brother’s son! Go back, and stay in your home until Allah carries out His order. I do not need the shedding of blood.” [Musnad Ahmed, Virtues of the Companions, #753]

6.

وبعث عدة من أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أبناءهم ليمنعوا الناس الدخول على عثمان، وكان فيمن ذهب للدفاع عنه ولزم الباب ابن عم عليّ :عبد الله بن عباس، ولما أمّره ذو النورين في تلك الأيام على الحج قال :

( والله يا أمير المؤمنين! لجهاد هؤلاء أحب إلي من الحج، فأقسم عليه لينطلقن ) .

[“تاريخ الأمم والملوك” أحوال سنة 35].

During the time when Uthman(ra) posted Abdullah ibn Abbas as the Ameer of Haj, So he said: I swear by Allah o Ameer ul momineen, doing jihad here is more dearer to me than performing haj. I took an oath that I will not leave from here until these people leave.(Tareekh al umm wal maluk, under the conditions of 35H)

Comment: These narrations establishes before us the braveness and courage of Uthman(ra),  If he was a coward (mazallah) like the shian e dajjal misinterpreting incidents portray, then under these circumstances Uthman(ra) would have said to those who wanted to save him to immediately begin their job and to save him. But nothing as such happened, what Uthman(ra) said, were his golden words, from which his care for city of Prophet(saw) and Muslims resembled. This shows that Uthman(ra) was far away from being a selfish man.

7. When the rebels reached thu al-Marwa one month before the martyrdom of ‘Uthman, he ordered ‘Ali and another man to go and negotiate with them and ‘Ali would tell them:
تعطون كتاب الله، وتعتبون من كل ما سخطتم

8. In another narrations he clearly says he’s the “Messenger of Ameer al-Mumineen”:
ابن عم رسول الله، ورسول أمير المؤمنين يعرض عليكم كتاب الله فقبلوا

9. In another narration ‘Ali tells ‘Uthman that he’s ready to defend him but ‘Uthman orders him to not interfere and he doesn’t.
إن معي خمسمائة دارع، فأذن لي، فأمنعك من القوم، فإنك لم تحدث شيئًا يستحل به دمك، فقال: جزيت خيرًا، ما أحب أن يهراق دم في سببي

10. In another Hadith ‘Ali praises him for uniting the people on one Quran, he forbids anyone from criticizing ‘Uthman, he orders the people to only say what is good about ‘Uthman, and he says that ‘Uthman consulted him in the matter, he says if he was in authority he would have done the same:
يا أيها الناس لا تغلوا في عثمان، ولا تقولوا له إلا خيرًا، فوالله ما فعل الذي فعلأي في المصاحف – إلا عن ملأ منا جميعًا؛ أي الصحابة..والله لو وليت لفعلت مثل الذي فعل

11. ‘Ali sends his servants from bani Hashim to deliver water to ‘Uthman during the siege:
على رضي الله عنه إليه بثلاث قرب مملوءة ماء، فما كادت تصل إليه، وجرح بسببها عدة من موالي بني هاشم وبنى أمية حتى وصلت

 

Ahlebayt were posted to guard and defend Uthman(ra):

1. “The siege continued from the end of Dhu’l-Qa’da until Friday, the 18th of Dhu’l-Hijja. The day before that, `Uthman spoke to the Muhajirun and the Ansar who were with him in the house. They were about seven hundred and they included `Abdullah b. `Umar, `Abdullah b. az-Zubayr, al-Hasan and al- Husayn, Marwan and Abu Hurayra and a group of his clients. If he had let them, they would have defended him. He said, “I beg whoever owes me obedience to restrain his hands and to go to his house.” He said to his friend, “Whoever sheathes his sword is free.” So the fighting from the inside cooled down while it was hot on the outside, until Shaytan completed what he had worked for and desired. The effect of the great atrocity on the people is clear enough.[Ibn Kathir said in ‘The Beginning and the End’ (vol 7, page 181)]

2. Al Hassan bin Ali RA guarded the house of Uthman RA and was wounded and then carried away from the house.
source: الطبقات لابن سعد (8/128) بسند صحيح.
Al-Tabaqat for Ibn Sa’ad 8/128.
grading: Hadith SAHIH.

3. Kunanah, the slave of Safiyah, said: “I witnessed the murder of Uthman. Four young men from Quraysh were taken out from Uthman’s house. These young men were covered by blood, and they were defending Uthman may Allah be pleased at him; Al-Hasan bin Ali, Abdullah bin Al-Zubair, Muhamed bin Hatib, and Marwan bin Hakam.” [A’asr Al-Khilafah Al-Rashidah by Akram Diya’a Al-Umari, p.390. Al-Umari said that the Hadith was narrated in Al-Estia’ab with a good authentication.]

4. Al-Masoudi, the Shia historian, narrates in his book Murooj Al-Thahab, “When Ali was told that they [the rebels] wanted to kill him [Uthman], he sent his two sons Al-Hasan and Al-Hussain along with his slaves with weapons to Uthman to support him. Ali ordered them to defend Uthman. Al-Zubair sent his son Abdullah, Talha sent his son Muhamed, and the vast majority of the Companions’ sons were sent by their fathers. They prevented the rebels from entering the house.” [Shia book, Murooj Al-Thahab, vol.2, p.344]

5. The sons of Ali and the sons of the Companions participated in the defense of Uthman. Muhamed bin Sireen said, Al-Hasan, Al-Hussain, Ibn Omar, Ibn Al-Zubair, and Marwan rushed to the house of Uthman raising their swords. Uthman told them. ‘I order you to go back home, put your swords in their shields, and stay at home.’” [Tareekh Khaleefah Al-Khayyat, p.174]

6. ابن عبد البر، من طريق أسد بن موسى
قال : حدثنا محمد بن طلحة ، قال : حدثنا كنانة مولى صفية بنت حيي بن
أخطب قال : ( شهدت مقتل عثمان ، فأخرج من الدار أمامي أربعة من شبان
قريش ملطخين بالدم محمولين ، كانوا يدرؤون عن عثمان  رضي الله عنه  :
الحسن بن علي ، وعبد الله بن الزبير ، ومحمد بن حاطب ، ومروان بن الحكم

Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr in al-Istee’ab 8/45, from Asad bin Musa (Thiqah) who said: Muhamad bin Talha (Thiqah) told us: Kinanah Mawla Saffiyah (Thiqah) said: “I witnessed the death of ‘Uthman, four young men from Quraysh who tried to defend ‘Uthman were carried from the house, covered in blood, they were al-Hasan bin ‘Ali, ‘Abdullah ibn al-Zubair, Muhammad bin Hatib and Marwan bin al-Hakam. [Grading: all narrators are trustworthy].

Comment: These reports shows us the deep love and care Ahlebayt had for Uthman(ra), such that without even thinking about their ownselves and risking their lives they came to defend Uthman(ra). While on the other hand Ali(ra) didn’t wanted Hassan(ra) and Hussain(ra) to participate in the battle along with him and should defend him(ali), so that they don’t endanger their lives. (Nahjul Balagha Sermon 207 )”In the battle of Siffin Amir al-mu’minin saw Imam al-Hasan proceeding rapidly to fight, then he said:Hold back this young man on my behalf, lest he causes my ruin, because I am loath to send these two (meaning al-Hasan and al-Husayn) towards death, lest the descending line of the Prophet – may Allah bless him and his descendants – is cut away by their death”
Only bigots like shian e dajjal don’t recognize this beauty of relationship between Ahlebayt and Uthman(ra).


How did Ahlebayt react after the martyrdom of Uthman(ra):

1. Ali(ra) said to his sons:

كيف قتل عثمان وأنتم على الباب؟ ولطم الحسن، وكان قد جرح

“How did they kill Uthman while you were guarding the door!? and he hit his son al-Hassan even though he was wounded”. [Ibn abi ‘Asem al Ahad wal Thamani 1/125 from “Khilafat Ali” p87.]

2. دخل علي رضي الله عنه يوماً على بناته وهن يمسحن عيونهن ، فقال : ما لكن تبكين ؟ قلن : نبكي على عثمان ، فبكى
Al-Baladhari quoted in the ‘Lineages of the Nobles’ (5:103) from al-Mada’ini from Salama b. `Uthman from`Ali b. Zayd from al-Hasan. He said, “`Ali came in one day to his daughters and they were wiping their eyes. He said, ‘Why are you weeping?’ They said, ‘We are weeping for `Uthman.’ He wept and said, ‘Weep then.’” (al awaasim min al qawasim page 82) [al ansab, wal ashraf, Vol. 5, p. 103]

Comment: Ahlebayt mourned for Uthman(ra). Well the mourning of shian e dajjal is a sign of love for Ahlebayt, then why isn’t the mourning of Ahlebayt for Uthman(ra) a sign of love?

3. When Uthman was martyred , Ali went to him
أن عليا دخل على عثمان فوقع عليه وجعل يبكي حتى ظنوا أنه سيلحق به
Ali came to Uthman and fell on him and wept, so much that it seemed as he has joined him (i.e he has also passed away) [Al bidaya wa alnihaya Vol. 7,p. 193]

4. Shia book states: When `Uthman was murdered, he was sitting reading from the Quran. His wife jumped up and began to scream, “They have killed the Emir of the Believers!” Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn came running but found `Uthman had already passed away, and they began to weep. `Ali, Talhah, Az-Zubayr, Sa`d, and other Muslims from the Muhâjirûn and the Ansâr (Supporters) were informed about that, and when `Ali arrived at `Uthman’s house, he was driven to distraction with grief. He said to Al-Hasan and AlHusayn, How come that the Emir of the Believers was killed while you were guarding his door?” Then he slapped Al-Hasan on the face, struck Al-Husayn in the chest, and sharply reproached Muhammad Ibn Talhah and `Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr. [Al-Mas`ûdî, Abul-Hasan `Alî Ibnul-Husayn Al-Mas`ûdî (d. 345/956), Murûj Adh-Dhahab wa Ma`âdin Al-Jawhar, vol 2, page 344]

5. Shia book states: It also seems clear that even during these last tumultuous days Ali continued to play his conciliatory and mediatory role. He many times did succeed in dispersing the unruly mob that wanted to hurt the Caliph, and during the siege he appointed his sons Hasan and Husayn to stand at the house of ‘Uthman and protect him from the angry crowd. They were, however, jostled and pushed aside by the mob, and the Caliph was killed. Hearing the news, Ali was the first to reach the scene and was so furious at what had transpired that he slapped the face of Husayn and hit Hasan for failing to save the life of the Caliph[(Origins and development of Shiaism by S.H.M Jaffri. chapter 4: The Re-emergence of the ‘Alid Party) also  (Baladhurl, V, pp.62 if., 69); (Tabarl, I, pp. 2988 f).; (Mas’udi, Muruj, II, p.232); (‘Iqd, IV, p.290)]

Comment: Its really a shame that people are so blind that they can’t recognize such great love between Ahlebayt and uthman(ra). Ali(ra) beating his beloved sons as shown by both sunni and shia books. If Uthman(ra) was really an oppressor why would Ali(ra) do so? Only insane people or haters of truth could deny these facts.

 

Ahlebayt cursed the killers of Uthman(ra)

Imam Ahmad narrated with its Isnad from Muhammad Ibn al Hanafiyah (son of ‘Ali and not some Umayyad) that Ali was told that Aishah is cursing the killers of Othman in al Marbad (location near Basrah), so he lifted his hands until they reached his face and said: “And I curse the killers of Othman, may Allah curse them in the valleys and the mountains” he said it two or three times. [Fada’el al Sahabah 1/455 #733 and the Muhaqqiq of the book said SAHIH, also in al Riyadh al Nadirah fi Manaqib al ‘Asharah 3/70]

There are OTHER SAHIH narrations where, Al-Hassan also cursed the killers of ‘Othman:
قال الحسن بن علي رضي الله عنهما: لعن الله قتلة عثمان، فقال رجل: أما إنهم يزعمون أن عليا قتله.
فقال: قتله الله من قتله، لعن الله قتلة عثمان، ثم قال، قال علي: أنا وعثمان وطلحة والزبير كما قال الله: ” ونزعنا ما في صدورهم من غل إخوانا على سرر متقابلين “.
تاريخ المدينة لابن شبة النميري ج3 ص1132

 

Ahlebayt then offered the funeral prayer of Uthman(ra)

1. The shia mutazili scholar said in his commentary of Nahjul balagha:
( فخرج به ناس يسير من أهله ومعهم الحسن بن علي وابن الزبير وأبو جهم بن حذيفة بين المغرب والعشاء، فأتوا به حائطاً من حيطان المدينة يعرف بحش كوكب وهو خارج البقيع فصلوا عليه ) .

[شرح النهج لابن أبي الحديد الشيعي ج1 ص97 ط قديم إيران وج1 ص198 ط بيروت].

He(ali) and along with him some of the members in house came out, among whom were Hassan bin Ali(ra), Ibn Zubair and Abu jahm bin Hudhaifa. These people between Magrib and Isha took(janazah) to one of the garden from the gardens of Madina. This garden was out of jannat ul baqiand It was called Hawsh Kawkab.There these people offered his namaz(janazah).(Sharah nahj, ibn abi hadeed vol 1,page 198)

2. خرج مروان حتى أتى دار عثمان فأتاه زيد بن ثابت وطلحة بن عبيدالله وعلي والحسن وكعب بن مالك وعامة من ثم من صحابه فتوافى إلى موضع الجنائز صبيان ونساء فأخرجوا عثمان فصلى عليه مروان ثم خرجوا به حتى انتهوا إلى البقيع فدفنوه فيه مما يلي حش كوكب
Marwan , Zaid ibn Thabit, Talha, Ali , Hasan ibn Ali, Kaab bin Malik, and the other people who were his companions , came to Uthman’s home, and some boys and women also joined them. They took Uthman out of his home and Marwan prayed over him, than they took him to Jannatul Baqi, and buried him there, which is near Hash Kokab.
Tarikh Tibri, Vol. 5, p. 144
Tarikh Dimishq, Vol. 5, p. 240

 

Who were responsible for the martyrdom of Uthman(ra)?

Ibn saba(head of shian e dajjal) started off in basrah where he propagated his wicked mission among all groups of people. Among his sayings which constitute the basis of his mission are. Each prophet has wasiyy(nominated successor) and Ali is the successor noiminated by Muhammad, so who, then does more wrong than one who does not abide by the nomination of the people? And Uthman illegitimately seized it(the caliphate), So you should revolt against your leaders and pretending that you are enjoining good and forbidding evil. Ibn saba also attacked the great companions; he was the first to accuse abubakar and umar and degrade them. Yet Ali dissociated himself from Ibn saba and accused him of lying against Allah and his messenger. Ibn saba however continued his deviant claims to the extent that he claimed, “It is strange for one to believe that jesus will descend and deny that Muhammad will return” deceiving people by searching for proof(for his claim) in Allah saying: Verily He who ordained the quran for thee, will bring thee back to the place of return. (al qasas : 85) Once the governor of Basrah knew about his claims, he dismissed him. Ibn saba therefore headed for kufa where he resumed his destructive activity. Yet soon the kufa’s governor dismissed him, too. He next went to Syria. By that time, he already poisoned the atmosphere in Iraq spreading such evil thoughts that deeply affected many people whose faith was still frail even though they were muslims. (Biographies of the rightly guided caliphs page 306)

 

That is why Ahlebayt disassociated themselves from the killers of Uthman(ra)

1. When those who were going on Hajj to the House of Allah began to return to Madina, the first of those who hurried among them was al-Mughira b. al-Akhnas b. Shariq ath-Thaqafi, the Companion. He reached `Uthman before he was slain. He saw the skirmish at the door of `Uthman’s house and he sat at the door on the inside and said, “We have no excuse with Allah if we leave you while we have power. We will not leave you until we die.” He was the first to go out against the attacking invaders. He fought until he was killed. Al- Hasan b. `Ali b. Abi Talib went out with him to fight them, saying to criticise what the attackers were doing: Their deen is not my deen nor am I one of them, unless I go to the proud mountains. i.e. the lofty mountains. The one who falls from them is not saved. Muhammad b. Talha b.`Ubaydullah came out with them. He was known as as- Sajjad (the prostrator) because of his great amount of ‘ibada. He was saying: I am the son of the one who defended him at Uhud. He repelled the parties in spite of a prepared one. [‘The History’ of at-Tabari (5:128-129); (Awasim min al qawaasim, pg 81)]

2. Ali(ra) didn’t want to become caliph:

وروى الحاكم بإسناده عن قيس بن عباد قال : سمعت علياً رضي الله عنه الله عنه يوم الجمل يقول : اللهم إني أبرأ إليك من دم عثمان ولقد طاش عقلي يوم قتل عثمان ، وأنكرت نفسي وجاءوني للبيعة ، فقلت والله إني لأستحي من الله أن أبايع قوماً قتلوا رجلاً قال فيه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم (( ألا استحيي ممن تستحيي منه الملائكة )) وإني لأستحيي من الله أن أبايع وعثمان قتيل على الأرض لم يدفن بعد فانصرفوا ، فما دفن رجع الناس فسألوني البيعة فقلت اللهم إني مشفق مما أقدم عليه ثم جاءت عزيمة فبايعت فلقد قالوا : يا أمير المؤمنين فكأنما صدع قلبي ، وقلت : اللهم خذ مني لعثمان حتى ترضى

al-Hakim narrated with its Isnad from Qays bin Ubad: I heard Ali may Allah be pleased with him say on the Day of Jamal: (( O Lord I seek refuge in you and I am innocent from the blood of Uthman, I had almost lost my mind the day he was murdered, I denied myself and they came to me offering a pledge of allegiance, I said to them: By God I feel shy from Allah that I would receive a pledge of allegiance from those who killed the Man that the Prophet PBUH described as: “Should I not feel shy of a man of whom the angels are shy?”, and I feel shy from Allah that I would receive allegiance while Uthman is murdered and still lying on the ground without burial. They left me and came back after he was buried asking me for the Baya’ah(Pledge of allegiance), I said: “O Lord I feel pity from what I am about to do” later came determination and I took the pledge when they said: “O chief of believers” I felt my heart ache and I said: “O Lord take from me and give to Uthman until you are pleased.” ))

source:
-al-Mustadrak (3/95) and he said: SAHIH on the condition of Bukhari and Muslim, Imam al Dhahabi agreed with him.
-al-Bidayah wal Nihayah (7/202).
-al-Riyadh al-Nadirah (3/69,70).
-al-Sawa’eq al-Muhriqah p173.

Similar was reported in one of the most sacred book of shias: When people decided to swear allegiance at Amir al-mu’minin’s hand after the murder of Uthman, Ali said: “Leave me and seek someone else. We are facing a matter which has (several) faces and colors, which neither hearts can stand nor intelligence can accept. Clouds are hovering over the sky, and face are not discernible. You should know that if I respond to you that I would lead you as I know and would not care about whatever [anyone else] may say. If you leave me, then I am the same as you are. It is possible I would listen to and obey whoever you make in charge of your affairs. I am better for you as a counselor than as chief.”[Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 91]

3.

وروى الإمام أحمد بسنده عن محمد بن الحنفية قال : أبلغ علياً أن عائشة تلعن قتلة عثمان في المربد . قال : فرفع يديه حتى بلغ بهما وجهه فقال : وأنا ألعن قتله عثمان لعنهم الله في السهل والجبل قال مرتين أو ثلاثاً

موضع قرب البصرة بينهما نحو ثلاثة أميال ويعرف بمربد البصرة وهو من أشهر محالها . انظر معجم البلدان (5/98)
فضائل الصحابة (1/455) حديث (733) وقال محققة : إسناده صحيح ، والرياض النضرة (3/70)
Imam Ahmad narrated with its Isnad from Muhammad Ibn al Hanafiyah RA: Ali was told that Aisha is cursing the killers of Uthman in al Marbad(location near al-Basrah) So he lifted his hands until they reached his face and said: “And I curse the killers of Uthman, may Allah curse them in the valleys and the mountains” he said it two or three times. [(Fada’el al Sahabah 1/455 #733 and the Muhaqqiq of the book said SAHIH), (also in al Riyadh al Nadirah fi Manaqib al ‘Asharah 3/70).]

4.

تبًا لكم سائر الدهر، اللهم إني أبرأ إليك من دمه أن أكون قتلت أو مالأت على قتله

Ali(ra) said:”May eternal Harm befall you! O Lord I am innocent from his blood, I did not participate nor did I order anyone to Kill him (As they falsely claimed)”.

source: Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah 15/209.
grading: SAHIH

5.

محمد ابن الحنفية ، قال : ” كنت مع علي رحمه الله وعثمان محصور ، قال : فأتاه رجل ، فقال : إن أمير المؤمنين مقتول ، ثم جاء آخر فقال : إن أمير المؤمنين مقتول الساعة ، قال : فقام علي رحمه الله ، قال محمد : فأخذت بوسطه تخوفا عليه ، فقال : خل لا أم لك ، قال : فأتى علي الدار وقد قتل الرجل رحمه الله ، فأتى داره فدخلها وأغلق بابه ، فأتاه الناس فضربوا على الباب فدخلوا عليه ، فقالوا : إن هذا قتل ولا بد للناس من خليفة ، ولا نعلم أحدا أحق بها منك ، قال لهم علي : لا تريدوني ، فإني لكم وزير خير مني لكم أمير ، فقالوا : لا والله ، ما نعلم أحدا أحق بها منك ، قال : فإن أبيتم علي فإن بيعتي لا تكون سرا ، ولكن أخرج إلى المسجد ، فمن شاء أن يبايعني بايعني ، قال : فخرج إلى المسجد ، فبايعه الناس “

Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyah narrated: I was with ‘Ali while ‘Uthman was besieged (surrounded) in his house.  a man came to him and told him: “Ameer al-Mumineen is killed.” another man came and said: “Ameer al-Mumineen is killed now.” so ‘Ali stood up to go but I grabbed him from his waste out of fear for him. ‘Ali said: “Let me go you!” so he went to the house and saw him dead then returned home and closed the door shut behind him. Then the people came to him and started knocking on his door and they entered on him, they told ‘Ali “The man was killed and the people need a Caliph, we do not know anyone more deserving than you.” he replied: “Do not come to me, I am better as your advisor than being your leader.” they said: “No by God, we do not know anyone more deserving.” He said: “If you insist then my Baya’ah needs to be done in public not in secret, I will head for the mosque and whoever wishes to offer me Baya’ah may do so.” So he went to the mosque and the people gave him Baya’ah.
[Source: Ahmad bin Hanbal: Fadail al-Sahaba 2/573. Grading: Sahih.]

Comment: If Uthman(ra) was an oppressor or the one who forcefully took away the right of Caliphate from ahlebayt, then why did Ali(ra) curse those who killed Uthman(ra)? Infact Ali(ra) should have thanked them. But the fact was that, all those beliefs are heretic beliefs invented by the shian e dajjal which didn’t had any part in Islam. And Ahlebayt and Uthman(ra) loved each other immensely that is why Ali(ra) defend Uthman(ra) , praised him and cursed his killers. But the truth is always hated by the shian e dajjal since their only motto is to create fitna and to disrupt the relationship between Ahlebayt and Sahaba by attributing fabrications against people or misinterpreting incidents.

 

Ahlebayt named their children Uthman on the name of Uthman bin Affan(ra)

1. Ali(ra) named his son Uthman.  This is mentioned in several shia books See At-Tubrasî, I`lâm Al-Warâ, p. 203, Al-Mufîd, Al-Irshâd, p. 186, Al-Ya`qûbî, Târîkh, 2:213, Abul-Faraj Al-Asfahânî, Maqâtil At-Tâlibiyyîn, p. 142, Al-Arbîlî, Kashful-Ghummah, 2:64, and Al-Majlisî, Jalâ’ Al-`Uyûn, p. 182.

Now why did Ali(ra) named his son Uthman ?

عن أبي سعيد الخدري: نظرت إلى غلام أيفع, له ذؤابة وجمة , والله يعلم أني منه حينئذ لفي شك، ما أدري غلام هو أم جارية، فمررنا بأحسن منه وهو جالس إلى جنب على فقلت: عافاك الله، من هذا الفتى إلى جانبك؟ قال: هذا عثمان بن على سميته بعثمان بن عفان، وقد سميت بعمر بن الخطاب، وسميت بعباس عم رسول الله، وقد سميت بخير البرية محمد، فأما حسن وحسين ومحسن فإنما سماهم رسول الله وعقَّ عنهم وحلق رءوسهم, وتصدق وزنها وأمر بهم
فسموا وختنوا

It was reported from Abu Saeed al-Khudri, he once saw a beautiful boy near Ali, and asked who that is? Ali answered: “This is Uthman ibn Ali. I named him after Uthman ibn Affan. I also named my children after Umar ibn al-Khattab, uncle of prophet (Peace be upon him) – Abbas, and after the chief of all creation – Muhammad (Peace be upon him). As for al-al-Hasan and al-Husayn and Muhsin, they were named by prophet (Peace be upon him)” [Ali Muhammad as-Salabi “Siratul Amiralmuminin Ali ibn Abu Talib” p 226] المختصر من كتاب الموافقة، ص 141 [al Mukhtasar min kitab al Muwafaqah bayn Ahlul-Bayt wal Sahabah by al Zamakhshari, page 141]

2. Third Imam of shias Husayn(ra) also named his son Uthman. This is mentioned in Shaykh Mufid’s book “Kitab al-Irshad” on page 372.

3. Uthman bin Aqeel bin Abi talib:  Baladhari in Ansab Al ashraaf page 70 states that Aqeel bin abi talib(ra) had sons named Muslim.., Uthman. (Relationships between Ahlebayt and Sahaba by Abu muaz saeed bin Ahmed bin Ibrahim’ page 52)

Taken from (Relationships between Ahlebayt and Sahaba by Abu muaz saeed bin Ahmed bin Ibrahim’ page 52)

Comment: No one, not even the most magnanimous of people, names his son after his enemies who were responsible for the death of his wife. That is why one simply cannot find a Shi‘i today named Abu Bakr, ‘Umar or ‘Uthman. In fact, reports from Iran have it that Shi‘i officials will not allow Iranian Sunnis to give their children these names. Thus Ali(ra) naming his sons on the name of Uthman(ra) proves that he loved Uthman(ra) whole heartedly, that is why we find Ahlebayt wanting to defend Uthman(ra) risking their own life. As we have seen above.

 

Marital relationships between Ahlebayt and Uthman(ra)

إِنَّ النَّاسَ وَرَائي، وَقَدِ اسْتَسْفَرُوني (1) بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُمْ، وَوَاللهِ مَا أَدْرِي مَا أَقُولُ لَكَ! مَا أَعْرِفُ شَيْئاً تَجْهَلُهُ، وَلاَ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى أَمْر لاَ تَعْرِفُهُ، إِنَّكَ لَتَعْلَمُ مَا نَعْلَمُ، مَا سَبَقْنَاكَ إِلَى شَيْءٍ فَنُخْبِرَكَ عَنْهُ، وَلاَ خَلَوْنَا بِشَيْءٍ فَنُبَلِّغَكَهُ، وَقَدْ رَأَيْتَ كَمَا رَأَيْنَا، وَسَمِعْتَ كَمَا سَمِعْنَا، وَصَحِبْتَ رَسُولَ الله -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه- كَمَا صَحِبْنَا. وَمَا ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ وَلاَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِأَوْلَى بِعَمَلِ الْحَقِّ مِنْكَ، …..وَأَنْتَ أَقْرَبُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه وَسَلَّمِ- وَشِيجَةَ (2) رَحِمٍ مِنْهُمَا، وَقَدْ نِلْتَ مَنْ صَهْرِهِ مَا لَمْ يَنَالاَ. فَاللهَ اللهَ فِي نَفْسِكَ

Ali RAA said to Uthman RAA when he entered upon him: “The people are behind me and they have made me an ambassador between you and themselves; but by Allah, I do not know what to say to you. I know nothing which you do not know, nor can I lead you to any matter of which you are not aware. You certainly know what we know, we have not come to know anything before you which we could tell you; nor did we learn anything in secret which we should convey to you. You have seen as we have seen and you have heard as we have heard. You sat in the company of the Prophet of Allah as we did. (Abu Bakr) Ibn Abi Quhafah and (`Umar) ibn al-Khattab were no more responsible for acting righteously than you, since you are nearer than both of them to the Prophet of Allah through kinship, and you also hold relationship to him by marriage which they do not hold.[Nahj ul Balagha, sermon 164]

Comment: This sermon establishes the fact that two daughters of Prophet(saw) were married to Uthman(ra), which proves that prophet(Saw) was pleased with religious commitment of Uthman(ra) and he was a true believer(momin). This is even evident in the light of shia traditions.

 

 

 

 

Imam ali raza(as) from his ancestors narrated: Jibril(as) came to Prophet(saw) and said: Muhammad(saw)! Your Lord sends blessing on you and says: Young girls are like ripe fruits on tree. And when fruits get ripe they should be immediately plucked or else sunlight and air will harm it and it will not be in a condition to eat. Similarly young girls when reach puberty, immediately marry them or else they will indulge in any fitna. Listening to this message of Allah, prophet(Saw) went on the pulpit and gave a sermon and told this message of Allah.  People asked : O Prophet(Saw). With whom should we marry our daughters? Prophet(Saw) said: Believers(momin) are the kuff of one another. (uyoon Akhbar al raza, vol 1, page 504-505)

From sunni reports its established that Prophet(Saw) preached: If there comes to you (to propose marriage to your daughter) one with whose religious commitment and character you are pleased, then marry (your daughter) to him, for if you do not do that, there will be fitnah (tribulation) on earth and widespread corruption.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1084, from Abu Haatim al-Muzani. This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.)

So since prophet(saw) married his two daughters to uthman(ra) its explicitly proves that all these qualities were mentioned in Uthman(ra) which prophet(Saw) preached his followers to find in the husband for their daughters.

Note: Some shian e dajjal raise an argument that wasn’t Prophet(saw) pleased with Abubakar(ra) and Umar(ra) that when they approached to marry Fatima(ra) , Prophet(saw) denied their request? The reason why prophet(Saw) denied to marry fatima(ra) to hz abubakar(ra) and hz umar(ra) was given by prophet(saw) in the narration itelf (i.e she was still young ) which shias bring and moreover there was other reasons too like prophet(Saw) didn’t wanted his daughter to marry his father in laws. Since two wives of prophet(Saw)(mothers of Fatima) would then become the daughters of fatima(ra). So the wives of prophet(Saw) and hz fatima(ra) would then be sharing dual relation(i.e of daughters as well as mothers).


There are some more relationships that took place between the family of Uthman(ra) and Ahlebayt.

1. Hussain’s daughter Sakina was married to an Umayyad, Zaid ibn Umru ibn Uthman, the grandson of the third Caliph(uthman). [Tabaqat ibn Saad Vol. 1, p. 247]

2. Hasan’s grand daughter, Umm Qasim bint Hasan bin Hasan, was married to an Umayyad, Marwan ibn Abaan ibn Uthman, the grandson of Uthman, the third Caliph. [Jumhuratul Ansab, Vol. 1, p. 85]

3. Jafar ibn Tayyar’s grand daughter, Umm Kulthum was married to Abaan, son of Uthman. [Muarif, by Ibn Qutaiba, p. 90]

4. Abbas’s grand daughter, Lubaba bint Ubaidullah was married to Walid ibn Utbah, the grand son of Abu Sufyan. Abbas and Abu Sufyan were close friends from the beginning. [Muhabbar, p. 441]

Furthermore , we read that:

1. When Muhammad ibn Hanafiyah(son of ali) died in 81 H. , Abaan ibn Uthman lead his funeral prayer. [Tabqat ibn Sad, Vol. 5, p. 86]

2. When Abdullah ibn Jafar died in 80 H. , Abaan ibn Uthman lead his funeral prayer. [Nasb Quraish , p. 86]

3. When Abbas died in 32 H. , Uthman ibn Affan lead his funeral prayer. [Sharah Nahjul Balagha, ibn hadeed, Vol. 4, p. 25]

 

Conclusion:

So these were few examples for the true nature of relationship between  Ahlebayt(ra) and Uthman(ra). But we will find that the shian e dajjal will not be able to tolerate when they will find this sweet(bitter for them) truth, and they will come up with a set of fabrications or misinterpretations inorder to malign the personality of Uthman(ra). But we urge our esteemed readers to ponder over this side of the coin which we have presented, instead of being deceived by the satanic tactics of shian e dajjal.

We pray to Allah that HE(swt) protects muslims from the traps of shian e dajjal, and to remove the rancour for belivers as quran says: “Our Lord, forgive us and [forgive] our brethren who preceded us in faith. And do not put in our hearts rancour towards the Believers”(59:10) And to help muslims to discover the true nature of relationships of Uthman and Ahlebayt, which is opposite of what the shian e dajjal portray.

O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do} [Al-Maeda 5:8]

Say: “Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished: for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish.” Quran (17:81)

One thought on “Part 7: Nature of Relationship between Ahlebayt(ra) and Uthman(ra)

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