The remarkable merit of Muawiya(RA) related to first naval expedition.
All praise is due to Allah . We praise him and seek his help and forgiveness . And we bear witness that there is no true god but Allah, alone without any partners . Andwe bear witness that Muhammad(SAWS) is his servant and messenger .
Every Muslim who has enough Islamic knowledge and knows a foreign language other than Arabic should – at his capacity – introduce the virtues of this great companion of Prophet(SAWS) to Muslims who cannot read Arabic . Because the deviants like Rafidah and the misguided Pro-Shia groups operating under the banner of Ahlus-sunnah who stab the image of this great Sahabi, try to create suspicions around this Sahabi. So the lay Sunnis may begin to turn in their heads and they may not find writings in their language that answers these suspicions.
For us, Muawiya(RA) is a test :
– If you respect him, your faith is correct.
– and if you insult him, your faith is incorrect.
Sheikh al-Islam Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak(rah) [died 181 AH] said :
“Muawiya(ra) among us is a test, who looks towards him in disregard we accuse him of misguided opinion in the Sahabah ” .And when a person asked Ibn al-Mubarak who is better, Muawiya or Omar bin Abdul Aziz ? He answered : ” The dust that entered Muawiya’s nose when he accompanied the Prophet(SAWS) is better than Omar bin Abdul Aziz ! ” (Al bidaya wal nihaya, 11/450).
Rabeaa bin Nafe’e(rah) said : ” Muawiya is the curtain that covers the Sahabah, If a person opens that curtain he will dare on what is behind it ” . (Al bidaya wal nihaya 11/450).
Therefore, we would like share a tremendous virtue/merit of Muawiya(RA), which makes the rightly guided believers to increase their respect for Muawiya(RA), and it also proves the deviance of misguided ones who speak ill of Muawiya(RA).
Muawiya(RA) is a confirmed Jannati(Inhabitant of Paradise).
Narrated Khalid bin Madan: That ‘Umair bin Al-Aswad Al-Anasi told him that he went to ‘Ubada bin As-Samit while he was staying in his house at the sea-shore of Hims with (his wife) Um Haram. ‘Umair said. Um Haram informed us that she heard the Prophet (SAWS) saying, “Paradise is granted to the first batch of my followers who will undertake a naval expedition.” Um Haram added, I said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (SAWS)! Will I be amongst them?’ He replied, ‘You are amongst them. [Sahih al-Bukhari #2924]
Comment: So we find that, Paradise is granted to the first batch of Muslims who will undertake a naval expedition, and the interesting fact is that Muawiya(RA) was the one who led the first Naval expedition. We read:
Narrated Anas bin Malik: Um Haram said, “Once the Prophet (SAWS) slept in my house near to me and got up smiling. I said, ‘What makes you smile?’ He replied, ‘Some of my followers who (i.e. in a dream) were presented to me sailing on this green sea like kings on thrones.’ I said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger (SAWS)! Invoke Allah to make me one of them.” So the Prophet (SAWS) invoked Allah for her and went to sleep again. He did the same (i.e. got up and told his dream) and Um Haran repeated her question and he gave the same reply. She said, “Invoke Allah to make me one of them.” He said, “You are among the first batch.” Later on it happened that she went out in the company of her husband ‘Ubada bin As-Samit who went for Jihad and it was the first time the Muslims undertook a naval expedition led by Muawiya.[ Sahih al-Bukhari #2799]
Hafiz Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani said:
وقوله : قد أوجبوا ” أي فعلوا فعلا وجبت لهم به الجنة .
The saying (Paradise is) “granted” .. Paradise is WAJIB ON THEM. [Fath al Bari; under the commentary of hadith discussed]
Ibn Abdul Barr said:
” ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻭﻳﺔ ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺇﺫ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻏﺰﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺭﺍﻳﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﻭﺭﺅﻳﺎ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﺻﻠﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺣﻲ “.
There is a proof in this hadith, virtues of Muawiya May Allah have mercy on him.. [at-Tamheed 1/235].
Argument raised by deviants to belittle the virtue of Muawiya(RA).
The deviants argue that, this hadith talks about glad tidings just as there are glad tidings of paradise for various good deeds, for example :
Paradise has been guaranteed for the one who performs ablution(wudhu) as per Sunnah & comes to offer salah at masjid.[Refer Sahih Muslim #234]
Likewise , it’s there in the hadith that paradise is guaranteed for the one who guarantees that he will not beg from people. [Refer Sunan Abi Dawud #1643].
So based on these ahadith, it can not be said that every Namazi (one who’s regular with his salah) is an inhabitant of Paradise or every person who abstains from begging is an inhabitant of Paradise.
We say that this is a nonsensical argument. It is just like saying about Khulafa e Rashideen i.e. Abu Bakr, Umar Farooq, Uthman and Ali, (May Allah be pleased with them) and the remaining Sahaba(May Allah be pleased with them) from Ashra e Mubashra ( list of the ten guaranteed Jannah) that the ahadith concerning their glad tidings of Jannah(paradise) are just as those for other good deeds. Now someone because of this, denies/rejects the glad tidings of Jannah to the four rightly guided Caliphs or like to the Companions from Ashra e Mubashra, and says that these glad tidings to them are exactly like those in other ahadith for a Namazi & haaji (pilgrim), this certainly is an argument out of ignorance.
This was the example of some unique/specific personalities. For collective glad tidings, take the example of People of Badr and Hudaiybia, all the Companions(RA) who participated in Badr or Hudaiybia have been given the greetings of forgiveness.
Now if somebody talks nonsense that the tidings of forgiveness for Ahlul Badr is same as those on other good deeds, then what more could be an example of ignorance than this. Basically, those who raise this argument are not able to differentiate between a glad tiding related to the deed/action & a glad tiding related to some personality/Group, and they are confusing the two.
Primarily, the pleasant tidings found in Qur’an and Hadith are of two kinds:
The first kind deals with specific deeds/actions while the second one pertains to specific personalities/Groups.
First kind of tidings aim to emphasize the virtues of some some specific deeds. And the second aims to put emphasis on the virtues of particular personalities or a group.
(i). The first kind of glad tidings comprises of those specific deeds which are not related to any particular personality, group, area or time. Rather, it is possible for every person till the judgement day, to act upon them. Whoever fulfills the requisites of these deeds, will be entitled to the tidings, and this entitlement will be decided on the day of judgement, because it is known to Allah only as to who performed these deeds duly & who deserves it.
Therefore, these greetings of paradise are connected with deeds/actions, and their purpose is to mention the virtues of these deeds, like virtues of Hajj, Salah, Fasting etc.
(ii). But the second type of glad tidings, consisting of greetings about particular individuals or group, is for special individuals & group only. It similarly is for a distinctive time or area/territory. In this kind, particular individuals/group of a specific time/duration & area/territory are already determined, just as the glad tidings concerning the four rightly-guided Caliphs, and Ashra Mubashhra(The ten promised Paradise), or for As’haab Badr(people of Badr’s battle) or As’haab e Hudaibiya (people of Hudaiybia) and others.
The first kind of pleasant tidings ascertain the virtues of deeds (Aa’maal). But the individuals are not established, that is why every person can’t be called authorized for it. While, the second kind establishes the individuals itself. Therefore, there is no question of eliminating from the glad tidings, the individuals which have been determined already.
The absolute reality of the deeds whose virtues are mentioned in the first kind of glad tidings, is known to Allah only, so it’s impossible that these deeds would lose their actuality in any season or time.
As for the second kind, Almighty Allah is fully aware of the reality of the individuals whose virtues are stated in the second kind of glad tidings & of their activities for the whole of their life.
Hence it’s impossible that any of them are then attached with any such violation /disobedience that deprives them of the glad tidings, as in this case, it would necessarily cast doubts on Allah’s knowledge, which is not at all possible. (His knowledge is eternal, absolute & perfect).
There’s a condition-related virtue in case of the first kind of good tidings. Therefore, the virtue will only be there if the condition is met. But, there exists an information-related virtue in the second kind of glad tidings. And the information coming from Allah and His Messenger(peace be upon him) can never be wrong.
The first kind of pleasant tidings have a conditional saying, whereas the second has Khabr(information).
This difference is important to understand. It is because of this difference that the first kind of glad tidings (deed-related ), does not necessitate the performer to be an inhabitant of Paradise, as we don’t know whether the essentials are duly fulfilled or not. Whereas, in the second kind of glad tidings, the meaning of forgiveness assures the person to be an inhabitant of Paradise, because there is an act of informing, from Allah the Exalted, which proves the certainty of paradise being granted .
Having clarified both kinds of glad tidings, it is to note that the pleasant tidings found in the hadith of first naval expedition, are from the second kind. I.e.this second kind is related to specific personalities as well as group. Its purpose is to highlight the virtues of a particular group & personalities. It refers to a definite territory/area, time & personalities/group. Individuals as well as group are pre-determined in it. The absolute reality of these individuals is in the knowledge of Allah alone. It has Khabr (information) which can never be wrong. Hence, assuring them to be inhabitants of Paradise. Such as the case of Ahlul Badr’s(people in the battle of Badr) forgiveness.
For answers to other common arguments raised against Muawiya(RA) refer this article: Virtues of Muawiyah RA & Response to Objections by Shias]
May Allah’s (swt) blessings be upon His Messenger, his household, and his companions.